IJRAFS VOLUME 2

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ISSN 2311-2476

IJRAFS VOLUME 2                        ISSUES   10 -9 -8 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1

ISSUE 10 (NEW)

Title

POSTHARVEST ASCORBIC ACID TREATMENTS ON COLOR AND SUGAR CHANGES ON FRESH-CUT CARROT

 

Author/s REZZAN KASIM, MEHMET UFUK KASIM, GÜLSÜM EBRU ÖZER UYAR
Source International Journal of Research In Agriculture and Food Sciences pp 01 – 08 Vol 02. No. 10– 2015
Abstract

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of ascorbic acid on white discoloration and microbial growth at fresh-cut carrots surface. Fresh-cut carrot cubes were treated with 250, 500, 1000 and 2000 ppm ascorbic acid solutions for 90 s. Carrots were stored in a cold room at 5±1oC temperature and 85-90 RH for 21 days. L*color values, whiteness index, hue angle values, saturation index, polyphenol oxidase activity, glucose, fructose, sucrose and total sugar content and weight loss were determined at the beginning and with 7-day intervals during the storage . …

Keywords Carrot, Fresh-Cut, Color, Sugar, Microorganism..
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1 POSTHARVEST ASCORBIC ACID TREATMENTS

 

Title

EXTENSION AGENTS’ PERCEPTION OF CONSTRAINTS TO FERTILIZER USE BY RURAL FARMERS IN CROSS RIVER STATE NIGERIA

Author/s FRIDAY OGAR IDKU, CAROLINE LINUS ABOH, JIMMY BASSEY IJOGU AND CLEMENT OYIDU WONAH
Source International Journal of Research In Agriculture and Food Sciences pp 09 – 16 Vol 02. No. 10– 2015
Abstract This study was conducted to determine extension agent’s perception of constraint to fertilizer use by farmers in Cross River State. A total of 31 respondent participated in the study. Structured questionnaires were used to obtained information from the respondent which happens to be extension agents. Data collected was analyzed using descriptive statistics such as percentage mean and frequency distributions revealed that some of the constraints to fertilizer use covering the extension agents are high cost of product, untimely delivery of the fertilizer, insufficient supply, scarcity of the fertilizer when it is needed by the farmers.
Keywords Constraint, Extension agent, Farmers, Fertilizer use, Perception
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2 FERTILIZER USE BY RURAL FARMERS

 

Title

IMPACT OF NEW RURAL GOAT MARKETING STRUCTURES THROUGH AUCTION SALES PENS TO THE LIVELIHOOD OF SMALL-HOLDER PRODUCERS UNDER THE ON-GOING, ADVOCACY FOR SMALL LIVESTOCK VALUE ADDITION: A PANACEA FOR RURAL POVERTY ERADICATION IN ZIMBABWE

 

Author/s CHISANGO FUTURE F. T *; MOYO WISDOM **; GASVA DOUGLAS
***; MULEYA LIBERTY ****;
Source International Journal of Research In Agriculture and Food Sciences pp 18- 25 Vol 02. No. 10– 2015
Abstract Matobo district in Matabeleland South, Zimbabwe has the highest number of small ruminant populations. Small-holder goat producers in this predominantly rural district have for long been selling their livestock using informal systems. Farm-gate sales have been more popular but the returns were not satisfactory. Several initiatives have been introduced to improve on sales and profits but the impact has not been pleasing. This study, therefore, assessed the impact of new rural goat marketing structures through sales pens to the livelihood of small-holder producers and in the on-going small livestock value chains. The study focused on the small ruminant value chain projects being undertaken by a local Non-Governmental Organisation operating in Matobo District of Matabeleland South Province. The study specifically targeted two wards, where sales pens had been constructed. …
Keywords : Goat, Small-holder goat producers, Sales, Profit, marketing, rural sales pens
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 3 GOAT MARKETING STRUCTURES

ISSUE 9

Title

CONTENT AND DISTRIBUTION OF NUTRITIONAL AND NON-NUTRITIONAL COMPOUNDS DURING GERMINATION OF THREE MEXICAN FABA BEAN (VICIA FABA) VARIETIES

Author/s DULCE M VALDEZ-ANGUIANO, EDGAR HERRERA-CABRERA, GLORIA DÁVILA-ORTIZ, B. DAVE OOMAH, ANABERTA CARDADOR-MARTÍNEZ, CRISTIAN JIMÉNEZ- MARTÍNEZ
Source International Journal of Research In Agriculture and Food Sciences pp 01 – 14 Vol 02. No. 9– 2015
Abstract

Three Mexican faba bean varieties with different flowering growing were evaluated for chemical composition and trypsin inhibitors (TI), phytic acid (PA) and phenolic contents (PC) to elucidate their distribution in their fractions (cotyledon, hull and embryo axis) during germination. Germination reduced carbohydrate, lipid, ash and PA contents, whereas TI levels increased in the cotyledon and hull. . …

Keywords faba beans; germination, non-nutritional, nutritional compound, principal component analysis..
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1_germination_of_mexican_beans.pdf

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Title

ASSESSMENT OF FARMER LEVEL POSTHARVEST LOSSES ALONG THE TOMATO VALUE CHAIN IN THREE AGRO-ECOLOGICAL ZONES OF GHANA

Author/s J.K. ADDO, M.K. OSEI, M.B. MOCHIAH, K.O. BONSU, H.S. CHOI, J. G. KIM
Source International Journal of Research In Agriculture and Food Sciences pp 15 – 23 Vol 02. No. 9– 2015
Abstract

This study sought to identify and analyze the determinants of postharvest losses within the tomato value chain, key players, their roles in the pre-harvest, harvest and postharvest handling of tomato at farmer level unit operations across 46 districts in the Forest, Guinea Savannah and Transition Agro-ecological zones in Ghana involving the Greater Accra, Ashanti, Brong Ahafo and Upper East regions, as well as assess and quantify losses along the tomato postharvest value chain. Parameters evaluated included socio-demographic information of respondents, varieties grown, reasons for growing such varieties, years grown, postharvest practices, loss assessment quantification, reasons for losses, gender in relation to production among others. …

Keywords Postharvest, determinants, quantitative
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2_postharvest_losses.pdf

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Title

EVALUATION OF WATER MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES DEVELOPED FOR RICE IN THE YALA SEASON ON NON CALCIC BROWN SOILS OF THE AMPARA DISTRICT OF SRI LANKA

Author/s W. B. K. PEIRIS, W. A. J. M. DE COSTA AND U. R. SANGAKKARA
Source International Journal of Research In Agriculture and Food Sciences pp 24- 36 Vol 02. No. 8– 2015
Abstract

Water scarcity during the yala season of dry zone is one of the major constraints for rice (Oryza sativa) production in Sri Lanka. The traditional practice of maintaining standing water requires a high water input. The objective of this study was to evaluate alternative water-saving irrigation regimes developed for rice cultivation in the yala season on Non-Calcic Brown soils in the Ampara district with a view of reducing total water input while ensuring minimum or zero yield reductions. The study was conducted in a rain sheltered plant house. …

Keywords Oryza sativa, dry zone, water scarcity, alternative water management strategies, water productivity.
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3_water_management_strategies_developed_for_rice.pdf

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IJRAFS VOLUME 2 ISSUE 8

Title

ANTIMELANOGENESIS ACTIVITY OF POLYPHENOL GLYCOSIDE SYNTHESIZED BY TRANSGLYCOSYLATION REACTION OF CGTASE FROM XANTHOMONAS CAMPESTRIS

Author/s MUHAMMAD IQBAL HASHMI, SOHAIB NAZIR, JOKO SULISTYO
Source International Journal of Research In Agriculture and Food Sciences pp 01 – 08 Vol 02. No. 7– 2014
Abstract

Xanthomonas campestris is known as xanthan gum biopolymer producing bacteria, which is useful as thickener, stabilizer, and suspending agent in the food industry. The mechanism of the synthesis of xanthan gum is thought to involve enzymatic metabolism is quite complex, so that research on that existence of enzymes that play a role in the synthesis of biopolymer is important to expose. This study, aimed to test the ability of X. campestris culture that has transglycosylation activity as a producer of cyclodextrin glucanotransferase (CGTase) on acceptor of resorcinol and corn flour as its s . …

Keywords Xanthomonas campestris, transglycosylation, polyphenol, glycoside, antimelanogenesis..
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1_antimelanogenesis_activity.pdf

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Title

DETERMINATION OF EFFECTIVE SPATIAL ARRANGEMENT FOR INTERCROPPING OF MAIZE AND POTATO USING COMPETITION INDICES AT SOUTH WOLLO, ETHIOPIA

Author/s YAYEH BITEW BANTIE
Source International Journal of Research In Agriculture and Food Sciences pp 09 – 19 Vol 02. No. 8– 2014
Abstract

An experiment was conducted on the determination of effective spatial arrangement for intercropping of maize and potato using competition indices at South Wollo, Ethiopia for two consecutive years, 2010-2011. The objective of the study was to determine effective spatial arrangement for intercropping of maize and potato. The treatments were 1 maize:1 potato, 2 maize:2 potato, 1 maize:2 potato (a), 2 maize:1 potato (a), 1 maize:2 potato (b) and 2 maize:1 potato (b). Sole maize and sole potato was used for comparison. JMP 5 (SAS) software’s were used to compute the analysis of variance …

Keywords Maize, Potato intercropping arrangement, LER, ATER IER, EMAI, CR
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2_intercropping_of_maize_and_potato.pdf

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Title

THE CHANGE OF LIVELIHOOD AND MINDSET OF FISH FARMER EMPOWERMENT IN THE VILLAGE OF INDONESIA

Author/s Zulkarnain, Djuara P Lubis, Arif Satria, Musa Hubeis
Source International Journal of Research In Agriculture and Food Sciences pp 20- 27 Vol 02. No. 8– 2014
Abstract

The research is done in two sections, the preliminary research in July 2012. The Data Collected in December 2013 to Mei 2014. This research was done to identify the empowerment activities and to see the change happened in livelihood and mindset among of fish farmer by comparing the data in 2012 and 2013. The method used on the research is survey. …

Keywords change, livelihood, mindset, empowerment, fish farmer.
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3_farmer_empowerment.pdf

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IJRAFS VOLUME 2 ISSUE 7

Title

PHYSICOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF MODIFIED CASSAVA STARCH PREPARED BY APPLICATION OF MIXED MICROBIAL STARTER

Author/s JOKO SULISTYO1 AND KAZUHIKO NAKAHARA2
Source International Journal of Research In Agriculture and Food Sciences pp 01 – 08 Vol 02. No. 7– 2014
Abstract

Modified cassava starch (MCS) is a product derived from cassava chips that uses a principle of modifying cassava chips in fermentation, which produces distinctive characteristics, so it can be used as a food ingredient with a very wide scale. Preliminary experimental results showed that MCS could be used as raw materials from a variety of foods, ranging from noodles, bakery, cookies and semi-moist food, since the application has a spectrum similar to wheat flour, rice and other starchy materials. . …

Keywords cassava, MCS, mixed culture, fermentation, physicochemical properties.
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1_cassava_starch-food_science.pdf

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Title

RESPONSE OF OKRA (Abelmoschus esculantus (L) Moench) TO DIFFERENT SOURCES AND LEVELS OF ORGANIC MANURE IN SUDAN SAVANNA OF NIGERIA.

Author/s GASHUA, A.G, BELLO, T.T., MOHAMMED, S.G, MOHAMMED, I. B. and SHEHU, A
Source International Journal of Research In Agriculture and Food Sciences pp 09 – 15 Vol 02. No. 7– 2014
Abstract

Field experiment was conducted during 2012 rainy season at Yobe State College of Agriculture Gujba, to evaluate the effect of different sources and levels of organic manure on the growth and yield of okra (Abelmoschus esculantus (L) Moench). The treatments consisted of two varieties of okra, two sources of organic manure with four levels of each, replicated three times and laid out in a randomized complete block design (RCBD). The result showed that variety and source did not significantly affect the growth of okra. However, the interaction revealed that there was significant (p<0.05) difference in the number of leaves produced at 6WAS …

Keywords Clemson spineless, local okra, Cow dung, Sheep and goat manure.
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2_agronomy.pdf

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Title

COMPARISON OF MINERAL COMPOSITION OF COMMERCIAL HEN EGG SHELLS TO FRESH WATER CROCODILE EGG SHELLS.

Author/s N SIULAPWA, A MWAMBUNGU, L MUBBUNU
Source International Journal of Research In Agriculture and Food Sciences pp 16- 18 Vol 02. No. 7– 2014
Abstract

Birds and reptiles are similar in that they both lay eggs with shells. The internal structure of both bird and reptile eggs is also quite similar. Many factors influence the eggshell quality and this also includes the mineral composition. The main objective of this study was to compare the mineral composition of commercial hen egg shells to that of fresh water crocodile egg shells. …

Keywords Minerals, Egg shells, Commercial hen, Crocodile, Perkin Elmer methods
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3_mineral_composition_of_egg.pdf

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Title

DETERMINATION OF THE POTENTIAL WATER STORAGE CAPACITY IN ANCIENT ABANDONED TANKS IN WALAWE RIVER BASIN, SRI LANKA

Author/s H.L.K. SANJAYA, T. PRIYADARSHANA, N. WIJAYARATHNA
Source International Journal of Research In Agriculture and Food Sciences pp 19- 26 Vol 02. No. 7– 2014
Abstract

Especially, in dry and Semi-arid areas of the world are suffering from lack of water due to ignorance of finding new opportunities to overcome water scarcity. Similarly, Walawe river basin (WRB) which lies in dry and semi-arid zone of Sri Lanka has a higher demand for water in Agricultural, Industrial and Domestic uses. More than 600 small scale tanks which have been constructed in the history are in the abandoned state, but, majority of them has a potential for rehabilitation. …

Keywords Walawe river basin, Ancient Tank System, Area, Storage capacity, Rehabilitation
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4_water_storage_capacity_-marine_sci.pdf

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IJRAFS VOLUME 2 ISSUE 6

Title

ASSAY FOR TRANSGLYCOSYLATION REACTION OF Xanthomonas campestris ON CARBOHYDRATE SOURCES

Author/s JOKO SULISTYO, RINI HANDAYANI, RITA DWI RAHAYU
Source International Journal of Research In Agriculture and Food Sciences pp 01 – 07 Vol 02. No. 6– 2014
Abstract

Phytopathogenic bacterial Xanthomonas campestris causes rot disease in cruciferous plants, such as peppers, tomatoes, broccoli, and cabbage. On agar medium, this bacterial culture is able to produce extracellular biopolymer that can be utilized as an ingredient in food preparation that is known as xanthan gum. This polysaccharide can be applied in commercial industry as thickening agents, viscosifier, stabilizer, emulsifier and suspension agent. This study aims to determine ability of X. campestris culture in synthesizing such kind of a simple polysaccharide as a transfer product of transglycosylation reaction using extracelluler enzyme of this . …

Keywords : gum xanthan, enzymatic synthesis, Xanthomonas campestris, transglycosylation, transfer product.
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1_food_science_and_nutrition.pdf

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Title

NUTRITIONAL VALUE OF DIFFERENTLY PROCESSED SOYBEAN SEEDS

Author/s N SIULAPWA, A MWAMBUNGU GUY
Source International Journal of Research In Agriculture and Food Sciences pp 08 – 16 Vol 02. No. 6– 2014
Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Soybeans have been used in human and animal nutrition because of their favorable agronomic characteristics, relatively low price, high quality and quantity of protein and oil as well as their important functional properties for the development of different types of foods for humans. However, Raw Soybean Seed Meal (RSSM) contain high levels of anti-nutritional factors (ANFs), such as protease trypsin inhibitors, lipase inhibitors, goitrogens, and hemagglutins, which must be deactivated by proper heat treatment prior to inclusion in animal and human diets. The main objective of this study was to determine the nutritional and anti-trypsin content of raw soybean seeds in comparison to the solvent extracted and steam cooked soybeans. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The proximate composition, minerals and anti-trypsin content of raw soybean seeds and differently processed soybean seeds were determined using standard methods. One way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was used in analysing the data. …

Keywords Raw Soybean, Solvent extraction, Full-Fat Soybeans, anti-nutritional factors, Proximate analysis
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2_nutritional_value_of_differently_processed_soybean_seeds.pdf

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Title

IMPORTANCE OF WATER FOR SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE PRODUCTION AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF INDIA

Author/s BANDANA SACHANA AND DR. NISAR-UL-HAQB
Source International Journal of Research In Agriculture and Food Sciences pp 17- 28 Vol 02. No. 6– 2014
Abstract

Water is essential for sustaining all forms of life, food production, economic development, and for general well being. India occupies only 3.29 million km2 geographical area, which forms 2.4 % of the world’s land area, supports about 1/6th of world population, 1/50th of world’s land and 1/25th of world’s water resources. Per capita surface water availability during the years 1991 and 2001 were 2309 and 1902 m3 and these were projected to reduce to 1401 and 1191 m3 by the years 2025 and 2050, respectively. There is a need for proper planning, development and management of the greatest assets of the country, viz. water and land resources for enhancing the agricultural production, improving the standards of living of the millions of people, particularly in the rural areas. Groundwater accounts for about 80 % of domestic water requirement and more than 60 % of the total irrigation in the country. …

Keywords Water resources, Agricultural production, Population growth, Ground water
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3_sustainable_agriculture_production.pdf

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IJRAFS VOLUME 2 ISSUE 5

Title

ASSESSMENT OF LAKE CHAD RESEARCH INSTITUTE “ADOPTED SCHOOLS SCHEME” FOR DISSEMINATION OF IMPROVED AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGIES IN BORNO STATE, NIGERIA

Author/s IBRAHIM, A.A., S.B. MUSTAPHA* AND B.T. MAMZA
Source International Journal of Research In Agriculture and Food Sciences pp 01 – 06 Vol 02. No. 5– 2014
Abstract

The study assessed adopted schools scheme under Lake Chad research institute on the dissemination of improved agricultural technologies in Borno State, Nigeria. Primary data were mainly used for the study. Structured interview schedules were administered to all the 60 beneficiaries in the adopted secondary schools (Sanda Kyarimi and Government College, Maiduguri) in Borno State. Data were analysed by the use of frequencies, percentages and mean scores. The results showed that the level of awareness of improved agricultural technologies was high. . …

Keywords Adopted Schools, Dissemination, Technologies, Research Institute
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1_agricultural_technologies.pdf

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Title

SEC COUPLED WITH UV AND FLUORESCENCE DETECTION, AN EFFICIENT METHOD FOR Β-GLUCOSYL-YARIV ARABINOGALACTAN PROTEIN (AGP) MONITORING

Author/s SOUPI MARIETTA, BOURVEN ISABELLE, SIMON STEPHANE, LHERNOULD SABINE, OMOKOLO DENIS, GUIBAUD GILLES, COSTA GUY
Source International Journal of Research In Agriculture and Food Sciences pp 07 – 15 Vol 02. No. 5– 2014
Abstract

The arabinogalactan proteins (AGPs) are O-glycosylated proteins consisting of less than 10 % proteins involved in many aspects of plant growth and development. Our work focuses on the development of a sensitive and easy method for monitoring partially purified AGP. Fluorescence excitation-emission matrix (EEM) spectrophotometry was used to select excitation-emission wavelengths of arabic gum and plant β-glucosyl Yariv AGP for the SEC fluorescence system. Commercial as plant AGP were then separated by high performance size exclusion chromatography (SEC) on two columns in series (Agilent bio SEC 100 Å and 300 Å) coupled with 215 nm UV and 221/350 nm Ex/Em fluorescence detection. …

Keywords Arabinogalactan proteins, size exclusion chromatography, fluorescence and UV detection, AGP fingerprint
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2_arabinogalactan_proteins.pdf

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Title

APPLICATION OF LACTIC ACID BACTERIA TO CONTROL MICROBIAL CONTAMINANTS DURING FERMENTATION OF COCOA BEANS

Author/s JOKO SULISTYO, HO EFFIE CAHYANINGSIH, BETTY SRI LAKSMI JENNY
Source International Journal of Research In Agriculture and Food Sciences pp 16 – 24 Vol 02. No. 5– 2014
Abstract

Cocoa is one of the leading commodity plantation sector. Not only has the potential to increase the country’s foreign exchange income but also a major source of income for cocoa farmers in many centers of cocoa producer, but the quality of cocoa beans produced have not been uniform and not in accordance with international standard, resulting in low international price of cocoa market. One of the opportunities to improve the quality of cocoa is through development on fermentation and preservation technology of cocoa beans, using cultures of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolated from palm sap-based fermented products. Some LAB strains those had been isolated from palm sap fermented liquid, identified as Leuconostoc mesenteroides, Leuconostoc pseudomesenteroide. …

Keywords lactic acid bacteria, palmyra-sap, cocoa fermentation, antimicrobial, antimycotic.
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3_microbial_contaminants.pdf

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Title

HARNESSING THE ECONOMIC POTENTIALS OF BORNO STATE FOR POVERTY ALLEVIATION IN NIGERIA

Author/s S. B. MUSTAPHA; M.M. GWARY AND A.A. MAKINTA
Source International Journal of Research In Agriculture and Food Sciences pp 25 – 31 Vol 02. No. 5– 2014
Abstract

Poverty alleviation is one of the most difficult challenges facing any country in the developing world, where, on the average, majority of the population is considered poor. Evidences in Nigeria shows that the number of those in poverty has continued to increase and Borno state was acknowledged to be at the forefront. Governments and institutions have the capacity to enhance both the viability and the attractiveness of options by providing programme and incentives, leading to the promotion of peace and development and reduction in poverty. This paper, therefore, attempted to identify sustainable poverty alleviation strategies for harnessing the economic potentials of Borno state, …

Keywords Economic potentials, Harnessing, Poverty alleviation, Sustainable strategies, Nigeria
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4_agriculture_sector_and_economy.pdf

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Title

DETERMINATION OF COLOR QUALITY AND HMF CONTENT OF UNPROCESSED SULTANAS OBTAINED FROM DIFFERENT VINEYARDS

Author/s RAMAZAN ŞEVİK, LEVENT ŞEN, SEBAHATTİN NAS
Source International Journal of Research In Agriculture and Food Sciences pp 32 – 42 Vol 02. No. 5– 2014
Abstract

Twenty sultana type raisin samples obtained from seedless grapes grown in three different altitudes in Denizli province in Aegean region of Turkey were analyzed for some important quality parameters for the sultanas such as pH, titratable acidity (TA), color quality as L*, a*, b*, a/b*, Chroma (C), hue angle (H°) and hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) content. The effects of altitude of the vineyards on quality parameters of sultanas were also investigated. pH of the samples ranged from 3.31 to 4.21 and TA values ranged from 0.65 to 1.75 g 100 g-1 as tartaric acid, …

Keywords Sultana, raisin, color, HMF, altitude, pH
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5_food_engineering_last_check.pdf

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IJRAFS VOLUME 2 ISSUE 4 

Title

GROWTH KINETICS OF THE BIOCONTROL AGENT METSCHNIKOWIA ANDAUENSIS PBC-2 IN SUBMERGED BATCH CULTURES

Author/s TERESA MANSO, CARLA NUNES, MªEMÍLIA LIMA-COSTA
Source International Journal of Research In Agriculture and Food Sciences pp 01 – 14 Vol 02. No. 4– 2014
Abstract

Limited success has been achieved in the large scale production of postharvest biocontrol agents. High production cost and low productivity are the key factors that hindered progress. Thus to be a practical alternative to fungicides, the production of the biocontrol agent M. andauensis PBC-2 must be optimized. M. andauensis was grown in four different media commonly described in yeast production. The highest viable cell was observed in YPD medium. The effect of pH, temperature and yeast extract and peptone concentrations was tested in 250-ml flasks. . …

Keywords culture medium, growth, batch, fermentations, carbon
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1_kinetics_of_the_biocontrol_agent.pdf

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Title

STUDY ON THE SERIOUSNESS OF THE MISTLETOE PLANT ACACIA TREES AND HOW TO COMBAT IT . AL- MAHAWEET – REPUBLIC OF YEMEN

Author/s ALI AHMED.ABBAS. AL-AJAMI
Source International Journal of Research In Agriculture and Food Sciences pp 15 – 25 Vol 02. No. 4– 2014
Abstract

Mistletoe are Hemi-parasite (semi-parasite) plants, angiosperms(Jamal R. Qasem 2009)),(floriated),tow fold-housing (diecious), the feminine plants give flowers and Fruit (results ) have one seed whereas the masculine plants give unapparent flowers, small, and give the pollen ,these plants are enable partially to create carbons sources, because of they are autotrophic, but unable to get water and the mineral , elements and the mechanic help . So they are going on Hemi-parasite behavior against the other plants …

Keywords Host Specificity(HS),Hemi-Parasites(HP) , Parasitic Plant(PP), Desert Plants(DP),Phoradendron
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2_mistletoe_plant.pdf

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Title

THE IMPACT OF EDUCATION ON AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY OF SMALL SCALE RURAL FEMALE MAIZE FARMERS IN POTISKUM LOCAL GOVERNMENT, YOBE STATE: A PANACEA FOR RURAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA.

Author/s OKPACHU, ADOGWU. STEVE., OKPACHU, OCHE. GODWIN, OBIJESI, IFEOMA. KATE
Source International Journal of Research In Agriculture and Food Sciences pp 26 – 33 Vol 02. No. 4– 2014
Abstract

The study is an attempt to determine the impact of adult education on the agricultural productivity of small scale female maize farmers in Potiskum Local Government Area of Yobe State, Nigeria. The objectives of the study includes; describe the socio-economic characteristics of the respondents, to compare the output and income of female maize farmers participating in adult education programme and non-participants in the study area. The study was conducted using structured questionnaires administered on 60 female maize participants and 60 non-participants randomly selected. …

Keywords Agricultural Productivity, Socio-economic characteristics, maize farmers
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3_agricultural_productivity.pdf

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IJRAFS VOLUME 2 ISSUE 3 

Title

PERFORMANCE OF DIFFERENT SPECIES OF EARTHWORMS ON VERMICOMPOSTING

Author/s M. Rajendran and R. Thivyatharsan
Source International Journal of Research In Agriculture and Food Sciences pp 01 – 06 Vol 02. No. 3– 2014
Abstract

The main objective of this study was to evaluate the performance of different species of earthworm viz., P. excavatus, E. eugeniae and E. fetida on vermicomposting. In this study, growth performance of worms and physico-chemical characteristics of vermicompost were examined with time span of vermicomposting. The worm P. excavatus showed better growth performance during the process of composting. . …

Keywords Nutrients, earthworms, vegetable waste, vermicompost
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1_agricultural_engineering.pdf

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Title

LABORATORY EVALUATION OF USE OF OILS IN THE CONTROL OF RICE WEEVILS, SITOPHILUS ORYZAE

Author/s Olotuah O. F.
Source International Journal of Research In Agriculture and Food Sciences pp 07 – 12 Vol 02. No. 3– 2014
Abstract

The use of some plant oils, Palm kernel, Coconut and Eucalyptus, was evaluated against rice weevils Sitophilus oryzae in a local variety of rice “Ofada”. The trial involved exposing adult rice weevils Sitophilus oryzae to various levels of concentration of oils. All studies were taken under normal laboratory temperature of 270C. The oils were incorporated into the petri dishes containing fifty (50) whole grains of rice and ten (10) pairs of insect pests (five males and five females) at different levels of concentrations. …

Keywords Oil, Rice, Pest control, Storage pest, Stored grains, Akungba-Akoko.
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2_control_of_rice_weevils__sitophilus_oryzae_with_plant_oils.pdf

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Title

FARMER PARTICIPATORY EVALUATION OF BEAN (Phaseolus vulgaris L) VARIETIES FOR SEED PRODUCTION IN TESO-KARAMOJA SUB- REGION, UGANDA

Author/s Samuel Kayongo Njuki, Per Andersson
Source International Journal of Research In Agriculture and Food Sciences pp 13 – 25 Vol 02. No. 3– 2014
Abstract

The need for smallholder farmers to understand the benefits and value of growing pure quality bean variety seeds instigated from seed status survey analysis. The analysis highlighted farmer’s lack of knowledge and access to improved seed varieties and absence of Seed companies in the Teso-Karamoja sub-region. The situation left farmers with no choice but growing farm-saved seed recycled from subsequent cropping seasons. Farmers were therefore involved in participatory evaluation of 10 improved bean varieties obtained from NaCRRI, to identify adaptable varieties that posses farmer desired attributes for seed and food production. …

Keywords Grains, adaptability, drought-stress
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3_evaluation_of_bean.pdf

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Title

ADOPTION DECISION ON RICE PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES BY FARMING HOUSEHOLDS UNDER BORNO STATE AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME, NIGERIA

Author/s Ibrahim, A.A
Source International Journal of Research In Agriculture and Food Sciences pp 26 – 31 Vol 02. No. 1– 2014
Abstract

The study examined adoption decision on rice production technologies by farming households under Borno State Agricultural Development Programme, Nigeria. A stratified random sampling method was used to select 534 upland, lowland and Fadama rice farmers in the study area. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistical tools. The descriptive tools include; frequencies, percentages, Means, and standard deviation. The study revealed that majority (62.2%) of the respondents had adopted seed selection, 53.7% adopted seed variety, 52.8% adopted land preparation, 56.4% and 56.0% adopted planting depth and plant spacing respectively. . …

Keywords Adoption decision, Rice production technologies, farming household, Nigeria
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4_rice_production_technologies.pdf

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IJRAFS VOLUME 2 ISSUE 2 

Title

RESPONSE OF SPRING AND WINTER BARLEY TO PYRENOPHORA TERES UNDER HIGH AND MEDIUM ALTITUDE ZONES OF KENYA

Author/s Abigae Adhiambo Owino, Julius Onyango Ochuodho, Javan Omondi Were and Nicholas Rop
Source International Journal of Research In Agriculture and Food Sciences pp 01 – 10 Vol 02. No. 2– 2014
Abstract

Net blotch caused by Pyrenophora teres is one of the most destructive foliar diseases of barley (Hordeum vulgare) in the world, Kenya included. Frequent evolution of net blotch pathotypes, continuous overcoming of resistance and changes in environmental factors require screening of advanced barley genotypes to identify more sources of resistance. Sixteen advanced barley genotypes, two susceptible, and two resistant checks were screened to evaluate their reaction to net blotch at high altitude (Mau-Narok) and medium altitude (University of Eldoret) zones. Disease assessment was done on a 0-9 severity scale. . …

Keywords Pyrenophora teres, foliar infection, ear infection, severity, growth stages
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1_agriculture_and_biotechnology.pdf

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Title

MORPHOLOGICAL VARIATION AND LENGTH WEIGHT RELATIONSHIP OF Oreochromis mossambicus IN THREE BRACKISH WATER SYSTEMS OF SOUTHERN SRI LANKA

Author/s H.M.T.N.B. Herath*, K.Radampola and S.S. Herath
Source International Journal of Research In Agriculture and Food Sciences pp 11 – 22 Vol 02. No. 2– 2014
Abstract

In the present study morphological variation in three Oreochromis mossambicus populations in southern Sri Lanka with special reference to the Nilwala estuary, Mawella lagoon and the Rekawa lagoon were studied. Twelve morphometric characteristics including Total length (TL), Standard length (SL), Body depth (BD), and Pre Orbital length (POL) etc. were analyzed using the one way ANOVA test and stepwise discriminant function analysis. One way ANOVA test results among morphological characters revealed that, characters regarding caudal fin length (CFL), Pre anal length (PAL), distance from anterior end of dorsal fin to posterior end of pelvic fin (ADPP), were …

Keywords Brackish water, Discriminant function analysis, Length weight relationship, Morphometrics, Oreochromis mossambicus
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2_fisheries_and_aquaculture.pdf

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Title

THE STABILITY OF BIOACTIVE COMPOUNDS IN YELLOWSTRIPE SCAD (Selaroides leptolepis) UNDER SUBATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE STORAGE

Author/s Bui Tran Nu Thanh Viet; Toshiaki Ohshima
Source International Journal of Research In Agriculture and Food Sciences pp 23 – 28 Vol 02. No. 2– 2014
Abstract

This present study was conducted to evaluate the contents of coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10), ?-tocopherol (TOH), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and the effects of subatmospheric pressure levels (from 0.2 to 1atm) on mentioned compounds in Yellowstripe scad. The content of Q10, TOH, EPA, DHA were 26.3 ± 2.89 (?g/g); 21 ± 1.27(?g/g); 27,65 ± 3,28(mg/g) and 16,2 ± 1,72 (mg/g), respectively. …

Keywords Coenzyme Q10; Vitamine E, DHA, EPA, subatmospheric pressure
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3_food_science_and_technology.pdf

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Title

SUCCESSFUL PRACTICE OF COMMUNITY-BASED FISHERIES MANAGEMENT IN SEASONAL UNUSED WATER LOGGED PADDY LANDS OF BEGUMGANJ UPAZILA, BANGLADESH

Author/s Prashanta Kumar Paul, A.F.M. Arifur Rahman and K. M. Shahriar Nazrul
Source International Journal of Research In Agriculture and Food Sciences pp 29 – 36 Vol 02. No. 2– 2014
Abstract

In most parts of Bangladesh paddy fields remain water logged during rainy season and unused where community based fisheries management could be an option to improve socio-economic condition. Present study was conducted to evaluate the culture stocking strategy and cost benefit analysis for good community based fisheries management in waterlogged area of Begumganj upazila, Noakhali District, Bangladesh. Required data were collected through focus group discussion and semi-structured interview from target group. Six selected dogis namely Vobanijibonpur, Kendurbag, Madhob Shing, Khyajpur, Chowmohona and Jirtali were observed in this study where stocking and other management were maintained from the very beginning of the culture season. Water quality parameters were closely monitored during the six months of the study period. . …

Keywords Community based fisheries management, water logged paddy lands, dogi.
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4_fisheries_and_marine_science.pdf

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Title

ENHANCING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVE CAPACITIES: A STRATEGY FOR POVERTY REDUCTION IN NIGERIA

Author/s MOSES J.D (Ph.D), STEVE, OKPACHU, VICTOR, MADU
Source International Journal of Research In Agriculture and Food Sciences pp 37 – 43 Vol 02. No. 2– 2014
Abstract

Poverty reduction over the years has been of great concern and challenge barely to every nation, especially countries in sub-Saharan Africa and Nigeria in particular where economic and social indicators continue to deteriorate. Agricultural sector which remains critical to the development of the economy has continued to fail in its roles to the development of the economy. This paper examines the potential contributions of agriculture in poverty reduction in Nigeria such as raising the general level of welfare of the rural population, ensuring that the needs of the expanding urban labour force are met, transferring of surplus capital to industrial sector, helping the foreign exchange situation of the country as well as generating a growing demand for consumers and producers goods.. . …

Keywords Agricultural Economics, Techniques of Farming
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5_agricultural_economics.pdf

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Title

NUTRITIONAL EVALUATION OF BAOBAB SEED

Author/s Danbature, Wilson Lamayi; Fai, Frederick Yirankinyuki; Usman, Abubakar and Patrick Ayim
Source International Journal of Research In Agriculture and Food Sciences pp 44 – 48 Vol 02. No. 2– 2014
Abstract

Investigations were carried out on the nutritional composition and some mineral contents of Adansonia digitata seeds for domestic consumption and industrial utilization. The fats and protein contents were determined by extraction and micro Kjeldahl method respectively while Sodium, Potassium and Calcium were determined using flame photometer. . . …

Keywords nutritional composition baobab seed flame photometry mineral analysis
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6_nutrional_evaluation.pdf

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IJRAFS VOLUME 2 ISSUE 1 

Title

PHYSICO-CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF NIGERIAN TYPED AFRICAN STAR APPLE FRUIT.

Author/s A.O. DAUDA
Source International Journal of Research In Agriculture and Food Sciences pp 01 – 06 Vol 02. No. 1– 2014
Abstract

In this research work, some physcio-chemical properties of African Star Apple (Chrysophyllum albidun) grown mostly in low land tropical rain forest of Southern Nigeria and also in compounds and outlaying farms in most villages, in parts of South-Western Nigeria. The chemical properties were total soluble solids, 23%; pH 3.40; total solids . …

Keywords African Star Apple, Physico-chemical properties, nutritional properties, Average yield.
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1_food_technology.pdf

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Title

EFFECTS OF SOIL SUBSTRATE CHARACTERISTICS ON AQUATIC PLANT DISTRIBUTION AT NANNIKITHAELA STREAM STRETCH IN KANNELIYA FOREST RESERVE.

Author/s L.N. Wijewardene, H.B. Asanthi and T. G. Dayananda
Source International Journal of Research In Agriculture and Food Sciences pp 07 – 15 Vol 02. No. 1– 2014
Abstract

This research was carried out as a preliminary study to determine the effects of soil substrate characteristics on aquatic plant distribution in a selected stream. Aquatic plant distribution and diversity was estimated using the quadrate method along the six sampling sites of Nannikithaela in Kanneliya forest reserve. Water quality parameters (Water discharge, pH, Conductivity, Temperature, Dissolved Oxygen (DO) and Total Suspended Solids) …

Keywords Aquatic plants, Soil substrate characteristics, Grain size distribution curves, Soil pH, Soil nitrate, Soil phosphate
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2_fisheries_and_marine.pdf

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Title

QUALITY ATTRIBUTES OF FRUIT JUICES MADE FROM BLENDS OF INDIGENOUS FRUIT (AFRICAN STAR APPLE) WITH CONVENTIONAL FRUIT (PAPAYA)

Author/s A.O. DAUDA
Source International Journal of Research In Agriculture and Food Sciences pp 16 – 20 Vol 02. No. 1– 2014
Abstract

The quality attributes and consumer acceptability of juice blends made from African Star Apple (Chrysophyllum albidum) and papaya (Carica papaya) were investigated using a panel of about twenty eight (28) people. The chemical and sensory properties of the juices were determined. The fresh juice made from African Star Apple fruits had 230B (soluble solids) and pH 3.40 while that made from papaya fruits had 11.50B (soluble solids) and pH of 4.50.. …

Keywords African Star Apple Juice, Papaya Juice, Physico-Chemical, Blending ratios, Shelf-life.
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3_fruit_juices.pdf

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Title

SUGAR CANE TOPS (Saccharum officinarum) IN THE FINALIZATION OF PELIBUEY SHEEP DURING THE DRY SEASON IN THE TROPICS

Author/s Heriberto Ramírez-Cathí, Aida C C Salcedo-Martínez, Florencio Briones-Encinia, Alicia Cárdenas-Lara, Froylán Andrés Lucero-Magaña, Carlos Marcof-Álvarez, Carlos Sánchez-del Real and Juan Carlos Martínez-González
Source International Journal of Research In Agriculture and Food Sciences pp 21 – 25 Vol 02. No. 1– 2014
Abstract

The objective was to evaluate the use of sugar cane tops as fodder in sheep finishing diets during the dry season in the tropics. The experiment was conducted at the Instituto Tecnológico de Ciudad Valles, S.L.P., Mexico. Thirty six male sheep with average weight of 20 kg were used. The sheep were given one out of three whole diets prepared with, commercial with sorghum byproducts (CBS), . …

Keywords feed consumption, feed conversion, daily weight gain.
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4_animal_husbandry.pdf

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