IJREES VOLUME 1

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ISSN 2311-2484

IJREES VOLUME 1                    ISSUES 6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1

ISSUE 6

Title

MATERIAL COMPOSITION AND PROPERTIES OF RED MUD COMING FROM ALUMINA PROCESSING PLANT TANRAI, LAMDONG, VIETNAM

Author/s Luu Duc Hai, Nguyen Manh Khai, Tran Van Quy, Nguyen Xuan Huan
Source International Journal of Research In Earth and Enviornmental Sciences pp 01 – 07 Vol 01. No. 6– 2014
Abstract

Red Mud coming from Tanrai Alumina Processing plant, Lamdong, Vietnam contains high excess alkaline component and many toxic heavy metals. The results showed that Red mud does not contain artificial radioactive isotopes such as 137Cs, 7Be; concentration of Uranium, Thorium in Red mud are less than the average concentration values of Uranium (2ppm) and Thorium (12ppm) in the earth’s crust; annual effective . .. . …

Keywords Red mud; Bauxite; Alumina; Radiation; Chemical and Physical characteristics.
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1_of_environmental_sciences-_red_mud.pdf

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Title

THE CHALLENGE OF BIODIESEL PRODUCTION FROM PALM PRESS FIBER OIL PRODUCED BY SMALLHOLDER IN NIGERIA

Author/s Elijah Ige Ohimain* and Sylvester ChibuezeIzah
Source International Journal of Research In Earth and Enviornmental Sciences pp 08 – 19 Vol 01. No.. 6– 2014
Abstract

Vegetable oil have emerged as alternative source of fuel in the near future. Nigeria have choose oil palm as potential feedstock for the biodiesel industry. This study attempted the production of biodiesel from Palm Pressed Fiber (PPF), a waste by product from traditional oil palm processing in Nigeria. The Palm Pressed Fiber Oil (PPFO) produced contain free fatty acid (FFA) (19.8 to 23.6%), saponification value (190.0 to 207.0mgKOH/g), moisture content (18.15 to 28.61%), impurity level (24.25 to 38.60%), peroxide value (2.28 to 4.95 MeqO2/kg) and specific gravity (0.98 to 1.56), . …

Keywords Biodiesel; High Free Fatty Acid; Nigeria; Oil palm; Soap; Transesterification; Vegetable Oil.
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2_bioenergy_and_environmental_biotechnology.pdf

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Title

BIOREMEDIATION OF CHROMIUM CONTAMINATION- A REVIEW

Author/s Rita Evelyne.J, Ravisankar.V
Source International Journal of Research In Earth and Enviornmental Sciences pp 20 – 26 Vol 01. No. 6– 2014
Abstract

Chromium (Cr) is a hard steel gray compound with oxidation state ranging from +2 to +6Cr but commonly exist as trivalent chromium Cr(III) and hexavalent chromium Cr(VI). Chromium is widely used in tannery, metallurgical and chemical industry. Cr (III) is an essential dietary nutrient and Cr (VI) is the toxic form of Cr, approximately 10 to 100 times more toxic than Cr(III) . The United States Environmental Protection Agency has identified Cr6+ as one of the 17 chemicals posing the greatest threat to humans. …

Keywords Bioremediation, hexavalent chromium, hyperaccumulators, microbes
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3_bioremediation.pdf

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IJREES VOLUME 1 ISSUE 5

Title

THE EFFECTS OF CRUDE OIL CONTAMINATED FORAGE ON ORGAN DEVELOPMENT OF FEMALE RABBITS

Author/s Medubari B. Nodu and Elijah I. Ohimain
Source International Journal of Research In Earth and Enviornmental Sciences pp 01 – 08 Vol 01. No. 5– 2014
Abstract

Oil spill is a major challenge of the petroleum sector. Oil spill on land affects rodents and other burrowers. A study was carried out to assess the impacts of graded oil contaminated forage on the organ development of female rabbits in a completely randomized experimental design. Forty semi-adult female mixed breed rabbits aged 16 – 17 weeks weighing 1.30 – 1.42kg were used for this study. .. . …

Keywords Oil spill, performance, organ development
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1_enviornmental_biotechnology.pdf

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Title

ELIMINATION OF PHYTOTOXICITY DURING CO-COMPOSTING OF ANIMAL CASING WASTE AND SAWDUST

Author/s Bilal El Fassi, Mohamed Idaomar
Source International Journal of Research In Earth and Enviornmental Sciences pp 09 – 11 Vol 01. No.. 5– 2014
Abstract

In this study, the plant seed germination technique was used to assess the phytotoxicity of animal casing waste and sawdust during composting process on the relative seed germination, relative root elongation, and germination index of Cress (Lepidium sativum L.). …

Keywords phytotoxicity, Lepidium sativum L., zucconi test, animal casing waste, compost.
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2_biology__health.pdf

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Title

AN ANALYSIS OF THE ROLE OF GREEN ECONOMY IN PROMOTING INNOVATIVE FOREST DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA: A SYNTHESIS FROM THE LITERATURE

Author/s Ofoegbu, Chidiebere
Source International Journal of Research In Earth and Enviornmental Sciences pp 12 – 18 Vol 01. No. 5– 2014
Abstract

Nigeria is losing her forest estate at an alarming rate. The country’s forest estate which stood at 20% of total land area in the 1970s’ shrunk to 7% of total land area in 2007. Many factors such as poor governance, illegal logging, inefficient utilization of forest resources, poor management, unsustainable agricultural practices etc. have been attributed to the high rate of forest loss in Nigeria. The high rate of forest loss in the country is having negative effect on rural livelihood and development of the forest industry sector of the country’s economy. The situation is also causing a lot of environmental challenges such as desert encroachment, erosion, and loss of biodiversity, and water scarcity. …

Keywords Keyword: Green Economy, forest resources, sustainable development
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3_green_economy.pdf

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IJREES VOLUME 1 ISSUE 4

Title

CLIMATE CHANGE AND FARMER’S PERCEPTION OF CLIMATIC EVOLUTION IN ALIBORI DEPARTMENT IN BENIN

Author/s Guy NOUATIN, Hippolyte Dodji AMOUZOUVI and Jérémie DEDJAN
Source International Journal of Research In Earth and Enviornmental Sciences pp 01 – 09 Vol 01. No. 4– 2014
Abstract

The climate changes constitute nowadays a potentially major threat for the environment and the sustainable development. Their impacts especially affect the agriculture that essentially depends on rainfall in the poor countries as Benin. In this context, identification and understanding of manifestations of the climate change that are perceptible by the farming population and their impact on different crops are proved to be essential so that to take urgent measures to reinforce the adaptation capacities of populations to face climate changes harmful effects. So this research tries to analyze the farmers’ perceptions of the climate changes.. . …

Keywords CLIMATE CHANGES, PERCEPTIONS, CLIMATIC RISKS, FARMERS, BENIN.
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1_climatic_evolution.pdf

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Title

INNOVATING LITTERING PREVENTION MODEL IN HANOI: THE REALITY AND LESSONS FROM THE EXAMPLE OF SAN JOSE CITY, USA

Author/s Assoc.Prof.Dr. Nguyen Thi Kim Hoa, Ms. Dinh Phuong Linh
Source International Journal of Research In Earth and Enviornmental Sciences pp 10 – 17 Vol 01. No.. 4– 2014
Abstract

The study aims at suggesting a new littering prevention model in Hanoi based on analyzing Hanoi citizens’ awareness of littering, their understanding of law and legislation relevant to littering and their own ideas of littering prevention methods. Survey, in-depth interview and focus group discussion have been conducted on a sample of 400 people in Hoan Kiem district, including native residents, people from other cities living in Hoan Kiem district and tourists. Research team also carries out in-depth interview on 10 Vietnamese-American in San Jose city, USA. The study results indicate a good awareness of littering among Hanoi citizens, which is not compatible with their behaviors as well as the current state of environmental …

Keywords Littering; Littering Prevention; Environmental Protection Education; Hanoi; San Jose
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2__littering.pdf

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Title

BIOREMEDIATION OF HEXAVALENT CHROMIUM IN WASTEWATER EFFLUENT BY PSEUDOMONAS PUTIDA (MTCC 102)

Author/s Harpreet Kaur1, Ashwani Kumar2, Harpreet Kaur
Source International Journal of Research In Earth and Enviornmental Sciences pp 18 – 24 Vol 01. No. 4– 2014
Abstract

The advantage of utilizing microbes is that they can biodegrade the organic compounds easily. The strain of Pseudomonas putida (MTCC 102) was purchased from IMTECH Chandigarh. The Pseudomonas putida removed 88% Cr (VI) in wastewater effluent after 96 hrs …

Keywords Pseudomonas putida, Diphenylcarbazide, UV – Vis Spectrophotometer, Bioremediation.
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3_bioremediation_of_waste_water.pdf

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Title

WATER SUPPLY SITUATIONS IN KANO METROPOLITANT PROSPECTS AND CHALLENGES

Author/s Nura Isyaku Bello And Ibrahim Kabir Abdullahi
Source International Journal of Research In Earth and Enviornmental Sciences pp 25 – 32 Vol 01. No. 4– 2014
Abstract

The research of water supply situation in Kano metropolitant is very significant. This is because of the fact that the population of Kano especially metropolitant area is growing rapidly due to migration and their is also rapid growth of industrialization. Secondary method was used for this research work because the reserach was solely depends on data from institutions responsible for water supply in the state. . …

Keywords Water demand, water supply, Kano metropolitan.
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4_water_supply_situations.pdf

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IJREES VOLUME 1 ISSUE 3

Title

SURVEY OF HEAVY METALS CONCENTRATIONS IN WATER AND SEDIMENTS OF THE ESTUARY BIETRI BAY, EBRIE LAGOON, COTE D’IVOIRE

Author/s Kouamé Mathias KOFFI, Safiatou COULIBALY, Boua Célestin ATSE, Essetchi Paul KOUAMELAN
Source International Journal of Research In Earth and Enviornmental Sciences pp 01 – 10 Vol 01. No. 3– 2014
Abstract

To provide information on heavy metals mercury (Hg), cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn) concentrations in water and sediments, monthly samples were collected in five sites in the Betri Bay from February 2008 to January 2009. The average values of water physicochemical parameters temperature, pH, dissolved oxygen, transparency, salinity and MES ranged between 28.12 – 30.49 °C; 7.46 -8.17; 5.10 – 6.62 mgL-1; 0.39 -0.95 m; 7, 21 -30.28 ‰ and 13, 78 – 65, 53 mgL-1 respectively. The average mean water concentrations of heavy metals ranged between 0.01 – 0.03 µgL-1 (Hg), 0.02 – 0.26 mgL-1 (Cd), 2.40 – 4.80 mgL-1 (Pb), 9.05 – 9.68 mgL-1 (Cu) and 12.05 – 19.87 mgL-1 (Zn). . …

Keywords Bietri Bay, heavy metals, physicochemical parameters, seasonal variation, sediment, water
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1_heavy_metals.pdf

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Title

PUBLIC PERCEPTION IN MONITORING ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS USING GIS METHODS

Author/s Sigrid Hadea and Alvar Soesoo
Source International Journal of Research In Earth and Enviornmental Sciences pp 11 – 16 Vol 01. No.. 3– 2014
Abstract

Relationships between people and their environment have been examined in several scientific disciplines as in modern societies sustainable development and clean environmental usage is a key issue to support growing wealth and population numbers. A successful tool which allows matching qualitative and quantitative data with numerically immeasurable opinion of local people is called Public Participation …

Keywords GIS methods, environmental protection, public participation, Pakri Peninsula, Estonia
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2_enviornmental_condition_and_gis.pdf

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Title

TRACE ELEMENTS AS PATHFINDERS FOR GEMSTONE DEPOSITS: A CASE STUDY OF JARAWA AND EASTERN PART OF SHERE COMPLEX, NORTH CENTRAL NIGERIA

Author/s A.A. Nyako, I. O. Ajigo and E. C. Ashano
Source International Journal of Research In Earth and Enviornmental Sciences pp 17 – 28 Vol 01. No. 3– 2014
Abstract

The Jarawa Younger Granite Complex and the eastern periphery of the Shere Complex, were investigated to ascertain the gem mineral potentials of the study area. Sn, B, Nb, Ta, W, Li, Ni, Cr, V, P, Zn, Ti and Mn in 20 rock samples were analyzed using the Inductively Coupled Plasma-Optical Emission Spectrometry (ICP-OES). These elements were selected because of their affiliation to hydrothermal fluids, and some of them further play an important role in the formation of some gem stones, in fluids derived from late phase of magmatic crystallization. This will aid to predict the abundance of these elements in the late hydrothermal fluids, and the probable gem potential of the study area …

Keywords Gemstone, Pathfinder, Trace element, Jarawa, Pneumatolysis, greisen.
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3_geology.pdf

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Title

MORPHOLOGICAL IDENTIFICATION AND TAXONOMIC RELATIONSHIP OF FARMED FISH OF THE GENUS CHRYSICHTHYS

Author/s Tionrotia Alice Sita OUATTARA, Koffi Mexmin KONAN, Kouadio Justin KONAN, Abouo Béatrice ADEPO-GOURENE, Boua Célestin ATSE, Assanvo Simon Pierre N’GUETTA
Source International Journal of Research In Earth and Enviornmental Sciences pp 29 – 40 Vol 01. No. 3– 2014
Abstract

Variation of Chrysichthys nigrodigitatus, C. maurus and C. auratus from the fish farm of Jacqueville were studied using morphometric and meristic analyses. The morphological analysis included thirty nine morphometric measurements and eight meristic counts. The Principal Component Analysis and the Discriminant function Analysis were used in order to determine morphological difference and relationship between the species of Chrysichthys. Average of coefficient of variation of morphometric was lower (CV< 30 %) for all variables within groups, except NBL and MBlL2, showing that most of the morphometric characters were not variable among three species of Chrysichthys. The specimens of C. nigrodigitatus were significantly differentiated from those of C. maurus and C. auratus. …

Keywords Morphological variation, Chrysichthys, species, multivariate analysis .
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4_morphological_identification.pdf

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IJREES VOLUME 1 ISSUE 2

Title

AN EMPIRICAL INVESTIGATION OF THE ASSOCIATION BETWEEN REPETITIVE MESSAGE EFFECT AND SOCIAL MARKETING COMMUNICATION EFFECTIVENESS IN TAIWAN

Author/s Cheng-Wen Lee, Hong Ngoc Truong
Source International Journal of Research In Earth and Enviornmental Sciences pp 01 – 15 Vol 01. No. 2– 2013
Abstract

This study pays attention to the effects of repetition message on Planned Behavior Theory. An experiment was conducted in which communication effect was examined for a message repetition at three levels of message exposure. The obtained data demonstrated the results of this conceptual perspective in examining repetitive communicating of message effectiveness in recycling issue of social marketing. . …

Keywords Communication effectiveness, Planned Behavior Theory, repetitive message effect, recycling behavior, social marketing communication.
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1_human_behavior_and_enviornment_protection.pdf

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Title

REVERSE SIDE OF ECOLOGY

Author/s C. Maritsas
Source International Journal of Research In Earth and Enviornmental Sciences pp 16 – 22 Vol 01. No.. 2– 2013
Abstract

The paper deals with the problem of nature and civilization coexistence. It is shown that unsettled questions which are propagated to the next generations are able to deprive mankind of its future. The author revises the concept of “ecology” in the context of evolution and entropy theories. The concept of “ecology” was mentioned for the first time, at least in contemporary world, by Charles Darwin in the following statement: …

Keywords ecology, civilization, nature, entropy, overpopulation
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2__ecology.pdf

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Title

AN ANALYSIS OF THE ROLE OF GREEN ECONOMY IN PROMOTING INNOVATIVE FOREST DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA: A SYNTHESIS FROM THE LITERATURE

Author/s Ofoegbu, Chidiebere
Source International Journal of Research In Earth and Enviornmental Sciences pp 23 – 29 Vol 01. No. 2– 2013
Abstract

Nigeria is losing her forest estate at an alarming rate. The country’s forest estate which stood at 20% of total land area in the 1970s’ shrunk to 7% of total land area in 2007. Many factors such as poor governance, illegal logging, inefficient utilization of forest resources, poor management, unsustainable agricultural practices etc. have been attributed to the high rate of forest loss in Nigeria. The high rate of forest loss in the country is having negative effect on rural livelihood and development of the forest industry sector of the country’s economy. The situation is also causing a lot of environmental challenges such as desert encroachment, erosion, and loss of biodiversity, and water scarcity. …

Keywords Green Economy, forest resources, sustainable development
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3_green_economy.pdf

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IJREES VOLUME 1 ISSUE 1

Title

A STUDY ON THE IMPACT OF THE DRIVING DURATION ON ABNORMAL DRIVING BEHAVIORS OF CORPORATE TAXI DRIVER

Author/s Jin Geol Leea ., Young Ihn Lee
Source International Journal of Research In Earth and Enviornmental Sciences pp 01 – 12 Vol 01. No. 1– 2013
Abstract

The past three years, the share of fatalities of corporate taxis accounted for approximately 50 percent. The cause of this phenomenon is taxi drivers’ mandatory driving behavior. Taxi drivers often have to drive longer distances than the other drivers. With this study based on the definitions of the driving duration and the abnormal driving behaviors, the results were drawn through a comparison of the deceleration and acceleration distribution- graph on the test-bed distinguishing driving . …

Keywords Black box data, Abnormal driving behaviors, Driving duration.
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1_enviornmental_sciences.pdf

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Title

EFFECT OF LANDUSE/LANDCOVER CHANGE ON SOILS OF A KASHMIR HIMALAYAN CATCHMENT-SINDH

Author/s Mansha Nisar and F.A. Lone
Source International Journal of Research In Earth and Enviornmental Sciences pp 13 – 27 Vol 01. No. 1– 2013
Abstract

In the current study, the change in Landuse/Landcover (LULC) in Sindh catchment of Kashmir Himalayan region was examined and its effect on certain soil properties of the catchment was determined. The LULC change over a span of 15 years (1995-2005) was investigated through remote sensing approach using two date satellite images. Post-classification comparison technique was used to detect LULC changes from these images. Soil samples at (0-20cm) depth, were primarily collected from four main LULC types of the catchment namely forests, pastures. …

Keywords Sindh catchment; Remote sensing; LULC change; Soil properties; Deforestation
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2_enviornmental_sciences.pdf

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Title

PHYSICOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF GROUNDWATER SAMPLES OF GWOZA TOWN AND ENVIRONS, NORTHEASTERN NIGERIA.

Author/s Mohammed, A. G, Nur, A
Source International Journal of Research In Earth and Enviornmental Sciences pp 28 – 34 Vol 01. No. 1– 2013
Abstract

The study was carried out to assess the impacts of human activities on the groundwater quality in Gwoza town and Environs Northeastern Nigeria. The quality was assessed in terms of physicochemical parameters. Groundwater water samples were collected from seven (7) villages in the study area during December 2008- February 2009. The physicochemical parameters such as pH, electrical conductivity (EC), total dissolved solids (TDS), Calcium (Ca2+), …

Keywords ground water, geology, physicochemical properties
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3_ground_water.pdf

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Title

THE CHARACTERISTICS AND ORIGIN OF WATER MASSES ALONG THE SABAH COAST

Author/s Shukri Arsad, Mohd Fadzil Akhir
Source International Journal of Research In Earth and Enviornmental Sciences pp 35 – 43 Vol 01. No. 1– 2013
Abstract

A definition of water mass characteristics and its origin along Sabah coastal waters is presented based on 55 CTD casts cruises in July 2009 combined with five Argo profiling floats at surrounding seas. The T-S relation in Sabah waters including South China Sea, Sulu Sea and Celebes Sea show existences of eight water masses. By referring to the earlier water mass characteristics of the region, we found water masses in the surface mixed layer with strong mixed of Open Sea Water (OSW), Continental Shelf Water (CSW) and Tropical Surface Water (TSW). …

Keywords Sulu Sea, South China Sea, Celebes Sea, Water Mass, Sabah waters
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4_ocenography.pdf

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