IJREES VOLUME 2

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                                                                   ISSN 2311-2484

IJREES Volume 2                                ISSUES 9 -8 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1

Issue 9 (New)

Title

IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON WATER RESOURCES OF THE NORTH-WESTERN BLACK SEA REGION

 

Author/s NATALIIA LOBODA, YULIIA BOZHOK
Source International Journal of Research In Earth and Enviornmental Sciences pp 01 – 06 Vol 02. No. 9– 2015
Abstract

Changes in climatic factors and runoff characteristics of river in North-Western Black Sea Region on the basis of hydrometeorological supervision are established. There is an increase of air temperatures and minor alteration of precipitation. This is the reason of reduction of an annual and maximum flow, increase of duration summer-autumnal low water, reduction of the winter low water, change of dates of the ice phenomena appearance. .. . .. . …

Keywords climate change, water resources, index of aridity SPEI, low water period.
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1 IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE

Title

IMPACT OF SURFACE RUN-OFF ON IKPA RIVER IN AKWA IBOM STATE

 

Author/s UKPONG, E. C.
Source International Journal of Research In Earth and Enviornmental Sciences pp 07 – 15 Vol 02. No.. 9– 2015
Abstract

Impact of surface run-off on Ikpa River has been studied. The surface run-off contains toxic chemicals, heavy metals and suspended solids. Water samples were collected from four discharged points in the month of July – the peak of rainy season and November for the dry season. The samples were subjected to physiochemical and microbial analysis at Akwa Ibom State Water Company Limited. The result of the analysis of the samples show the concentration level of iron, selenium, chromium, cadmium, cyanide, lead and barium as (0.7mg/l; 0.22mg/l, 0.117mg/l, 0.16mg/l, 0.04mg/l; 24.7mg/l respectively in the mid-stream (MS) and 0.68mg/l, 0.22mg/l, 0.10mg/l, 0.015mg/l, 0.05mg/l, 0.042mg/l, 23.4mg/l respectively in the down-stream (DS). . …

Keywords Ikpa River, surface run-off, down stream concentration, mid and up-stream, ballasted flocculation technology.
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2 Impact of surface run-off on ikpa river

Issue 8 

Title

ECOLOGICAL RISK PERCEPTIONS AND PUBLIC PARTICIPATION IN RECREATIONAL ACTIVITIES WITHIN LAKE WATERFRONTS IN KISUMU COUNTY

Author/s JARED OUMA OKUNGU, PATRICK O. HAYOMBE, STEPHEN G. AGONG
Source International Journal of Research In Earth and Enviornmental Sciences pp 01 – 13 Vol 02. No. 8– 2015
Abstract

IMost waterfronts supply ecotourism potential world over, and it is believed that local inhabitants at recreational-potential sites bear the first-hand opportunity for exploitation of water-based ecotourism. However, the vulnerable status of potential sites instills ecological risk perceptions in local people, and this has a bearing on participation by potential recreationists. This ultimately inhibits the benefits of ecotourism in a community. This study aimed at demonstrating the ecological risk perceptions on participation by local people in lake waterfronts recreational activities in Kisumu County. The study was conducted in 4 beaches of Lake Victoria (Asat, Usoma, Ogal and Lwangni). .. . .. . …

Keywords Ecological Risks Perceptions, Public Participation, Lake Waterfronts, Recreational Activities and Kisumu County
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v2i801_ecological_risk_perceptions.pdf

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Title

THE ABILITY OF MANGROVE AREAS TO CONSERVES CARBON STOCK IN SEMI ARID REGION

Author/s AAH AHMAD ALMULQU, FLORA EVAIINA KLERUK
Source International Journal of Research In Earth and Enviornmental Sciences pp 14 – 19 Vol 02. No.. 8– 2015
Abstract

Above ground trees and poles biomass was estimated in Avicennie marina, Rhizophora stylosa and Sonneratia alba of mangrove forest in Oebelo, Central Kupang Regency, East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia. The research was conducted from January 2013 to July 2013, and undestructive method was used trees and poles, which having a diameter of less than 5 cm and over. Choosing the allometric equation based on the difficulties and practicality to get variable in the field become considerations. Results shows that carbon stock pattern different between all of trees and poles, and increasing ranging of diameter will followed of biomass and carbon stock in all trees and poles. Species that contributed the largest amount of carbon was Sonneratia alba with the total carbon stored in all individuals of this species of about 59 % of the total biomass stored on the research areas. …

Keywords above ground, biomass, allometric equation, carbon stock
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v2i802_conserves_carbon_stock.pdf

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Title

CULTURAL SITES IMPRESSIONS: A MARKET NICHE FOR ECOTOURISM DESTINATIONS IN KISUMU COUNTY, KENYA

Author/s DAVID OMONDI ACHIENG, PATRICK O. HAYOMBE, STEPHEN G. AGONG
Source International Journal of Research In Earth and Enviornmental Sciences pp 20 – 28 Vol 02. No.. 8– 2015
Abstract

Cultural sites as ecotourism destinations and village settlements are a source of pleasure and delight for the local community and visitors to the destinations. Understanding the core attributes perspective of the cultural sites impressions is crucial to branding the sites as ecotourism destinations for sustainable and diversification of sources of livelihood of the communities living around the cultural sites in Kisumu county. This paper sought to examine cultural sites impressions and branding of ecotourism destinations for sustainable livelihood in Kisumu County and its environs. This study was premised on Expectancy-Theory and Place Branding Theory. …

Keywords Cultural Sites, Attributes, Impressions, Ecotourism, Branding Destinations, Kisumu County
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v2i803_ecotourism_destinations.pdf

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IJREES Volume 2 Issue 7 

Title

RICHNESS OF THE AQUATIC MACROPHYTES IN THE TEMPORARY LAGOONS IN THE SEMIARID OF NORTHEASTERN BRAZIL

Author/s MARIA JACIANE DE ALMEIDA CAMPELO
Source International Journal of Research In Earth and Enviornmental Sciences pp 01 – 11 Vol 02. No. 7– 2014
Abstract

Ipueiras, in the strict sense, are temporary aquatic ecosystems which include ponds, wetlands and intermittent lagoons. In these types of aquatic ecosystems, the flora is associated with and adapted to hydrological extreme conditions: floods and drought. To this end, we investigated the richness, similarity and the conservation status of aquatic macrophytes within the Northeastern semiarid region. Random collections of aquatic macrophytes were performed in the margins and in the center of the ipueiras between 2009 and 2014, aiming to know the flora of rivers, lagoons, weirs and temporary lagoons in the region. .. . .. . …

Keywords Aquatic macrophytes, Caatinga, Temporary lagoons, Life forms.
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1_aquatic_macrophytes.pdf

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Title

EVALUATION OF AQUIFER CHARACTERISTICS FOR SELECTED NEW METHOD OF THE UM RUWABA FORMATION: NORTH KORDOFAN STATE, SUDAN

Author/s ELHAGA.B ; ELZIENS.M ANDLISSANN.H
Source International Journal of Research In Earth and Enviornmental Sciences pp 12 – 16 Vol 02. No.. 7– 2014
Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to investigate and evaluate the groundwater in the Um Ruwaba aquifer by using new methods and evidence for pumping tests. The geological units of the area are divided mainly into basement complex and sedimentary cover. The basement complex (Precambrian age) consists of metasediments, gneisses, schist and quartzites, and these units have been intruded by granites. The cover consists of sediments of the Um Ruwaba formation (Tertiary to Quaternary age) resting unconformably on the basement. On the surface of these sediments rest superficial deposits which are believed to be of recent age. …

Keywords North Kordofan; Hydrogeological Characteristics; Um Ruwaba aquifer.
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2_evaluation_of_aquifer_characteristics.pdf

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IJREES Volume 2 Issue 6 

Title

USING STANDARDIZED PRECIPITATION EVAPOTRANSPIRATION INDEX TO ASSESS LOW FLOWS IN SOUTHERN BUH RIVER

Author/s NATALIIA YERMOLENKO, VALERIY KHOKHLOV
Source International Journal of Research In Earth and Enviornmental Sciences pp 01 – 06 Vol 02. No. 6– 2014
Abstract

We study a spatiotemporal variability of droughts characteristics in Ukraine at the time scales 12, 24 months separately for the periods 1951–1980 and 1981-2010. It was revealed that the maximum number of durable and severe droughts was registered in the recent 30-year period. It is also found a strong relationship between the temporal variability of drought and the annual mean water discharge in the Southern Bug River during the period 1951–2010. . .. . .. . …

Keywords Standardized Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index (SPEI), Droughts, Spatiotemporal Variability, Ukraine, Southern Buh River
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1_meteorology_and_weather_forecasts.pdf

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Title

HOUSING QUALITY ASSESSMENT IN SELECTED PUBLIC RESIDENTIAL ESTATES IN AMUWO-ODOFIN L.G.A, LAGOS, NIGERIA

Author/s ANOFOJIE, A. E., ADELEYE O. A., KADIRI, M. A.
Source International Journal of Research In Earth and Enviornmental Sciences pp 07 – 16 Vol 02. No.. 6– 2014
Abstract

Lagos State has witnessed rapid population and urbanization growths over the last three decades. However, demand for housing far exceeds supply to carter for this increase. This has resulted in acute deterioration in existing housing stock. This study therefore examines the quality of housing in Amuwo-Odofin in Lagos State. Data was collected from primary and secondary sources. Questionnaire was administered to both residents and management of selected estates. …

Keywords AOHE (Amuwo-Odofin Housing Estates); infrastructure; management (Lagos State Development and Property Corporation – LSDPC); Housing Quality Index (HQI)
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2_geography_and_regional_planning.pdf

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IJREES Volume 2 Issue 5 

Title

ANALYSIS ON LOCAL WISDOM-BASED GREEN COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION SUPPORTING THE DEVELOPMENTAL PROGRAM AT THE GREEN CITY- PURWOKERTO INDONESIA (A CASE STUDY OF HOUSEHOLD WASTE MANAGEMENT)

Author/s EDY SUYANTO, ENDRIATMO SOETARTO, SUMARDJO, and HARTRISARI HARDJOMIDJOJO
Source International Journal of Research In Earth and Enviornmental Sciences pp 01 – 09 Vol 02. No. 5– 2014
Abstract

The main purpose of the research was to build a model of green community participation in a local wisdom-based sustainable household waste management to support program of green city development (P2KH) of Purwokerto City. The research shows that socio-cultural environment of societies in Purwokerto is conducive although cultural degradation is existed. . .. . .. . …

Keywords : (a) Green Community, (b) Green Waste, (c) local wisdom and (d) Green City.
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1_green_community-waste_management.pdf

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Title

TREES MEASUREMENT AT AL-MAHWEET REGION

Author/s ALI AHMED.ABBAS. AL-AJAMI
Source International Journal of Research In Earth and Enviornmental Sciences pp 10 – 28 Vol 02. No.. 5– 2014
Abstract

Trees measurement at this territory is a very important study , because of occupying the bigges planet able coating at the geographic area of the governorate considered on the whole is the area of valleys representing the vegetative hap or the ground cover of Al-Mahweet that booms markedly at the rains seasons , the sample of study consists of (125) big and long-lived (Perennial)trees that their measures (the height ,the circumference , the coronal dimension) singly, . …

Keywords Forests trees (FT) , Circumference Diameter (CD) , Height Measure (HM), Histometer . Metricl Laser (ML).
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2_forests_trees_ft.pdf

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IJREES Volume 2 Issue 4 

Title

GREEN ECONOMY AND RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES IN NIGERIA: THE WAY FORWARD

Author/s DURU, PATRICIA NNENNA
Source International Journal of Research In Earth and Enviornmental Sciences pp 01 – 04 Vol 02. No. 4– 2014
Abstract

Energy is an indispensible sector in any developing economy. The current growth-fixated economies, built on the exploitation of finite resources and emission-intensive energy, are no longer sustainable (Oluwatosun, 2012). Nigeria’s energy supply is dependent mainly on fossil fuel and the environmental hazards associated with the use of this type of energy has manifested in diverse ways including global warming, climate change, acid rain, flooding, etc. Considering these environmental hazards, renewable energy is a very viable sector in national development. .. . .. . …

Keywords Green economy, renewable energy, environmental hazards, awareness, development
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1_green_economy.pdf

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Title

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF WATER QUALITY FROM HAND DUG WELLS AND BORED HOLES IN UYO, AKWA IBOM STATE, NIGERIA

Author/s DR. UKPONG, E. C. AND ABARAOGU, UDECHUKWU JOHN
Source International Journal of Research In Earth and Enviornmental Sciences pp 05 – 17 Vol 02. No.. 4– 2014
Abstract

Water quality analysis was conducted using the physical, chemical and biological analysis methods of water treatment for samples randomly selected from three (3) boreholes and three (3) hand dug wells in Uyo metropolis to determine their suitability for drinking in comparison of the WHO standards for drinking water. After the analysis, one (1) of the boreholes was found to be slightly acidic (pH 6.3) while others were within limit of WHO standards. …

Keywords Water quality, Hand Dug Wells, Bored Holes
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2_comparative_analysis_of_water_quality.pdf

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Title

ARTIFICIAL PHOTOSYNTHESIS ENERGY

Author/s ASKARI MOHAMMAD BAGHER
Source International Journal of Research In Earth and Enviornmental Sciences pp 18 – 22 Vol 02. No.. 4– 2014
Abstract

Artificial photosynthesis is a chemical process that replicates the natural process of photosynthesis, a process that converts sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide into carbohydrates and oxygen. The term is commonly used to refer to any scheme for capturing and storing the energy from sunlight in the chemical bonds of a fuel (a solar fuel). Photocatalytic water splitting converts water into protons (and eventually hydrogen) and oxygen, and is a main research area in artificial photosynthesis …

Keywords Artificial photosynthesis, energy
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3_artificial_photosynthesis_energy.pdf

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IJREES Volume 2 Issue 3

Title

DEFORMATION CHANGES OF CONTROL POINTS

Author/s Miroslav Šimcák, M. Sc., PhD., Ludovít Kovanic, M. Sc., PhD
Source International Journal of Research In Earth and Enviornmental Sciences pp 01 – 07 Vol 02. No. 3– 2014
Abstract

Article serves to become familiar with the theoretical foundation deformation investigation, theory of errors and smoothing. Levelling network can be processed by the method of least squares (LSM) based on regular Gauss – Mark Models. The process consists of geodetic networks processing the measured values in general construction of a theoretical model of deterministic and stochastic, and then a statistical model. The only way to get information about the concept is a direct measurement using an implementation of the vector.. . .. . …

Keywords : the vector of corrections, the configuration matrix, the cofactor matrix, the levelling
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1_geographical_information_systems.pdf

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Title

MICROBIOLOGICAL QUALITY OF SHALLOW IRRIGATION WATER AT NKOLBISSON A SUB-URBAN AREA OF YAOUNDE (CAMEROON): INFLUENCE OF SOME PHYSICOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES

Author/s Yvette Clarisse MFOPOU MEWOUO13*, Olive Vivien NOAH EWOTI2, Amina ABOUBAKAR1, Joséphine NDJAMA4, Jules Remy NDAM NGOUPAYOU3, Moise NOLA2, Georges EMMANUEL EKODECK3, Serge Hubert ZEBAZE TOGOUET2 and Paul BILONG
Source International Journal of Research In Earth and Enviornmental Sciences pp 08 – 17 Vol 02. No.. 3– 2014
Abstract

In order to assess the impact of various pollution sources on the microbiological water quality mainly used for irrigation of vegetable farms and its relation with some physic-chemical parameters which can influence the bacterial growth, a study was conducted in Nkolbisson shallows in the peri-urban area of Yaounde in Cameroon. Sampling, measures of physicochemical parameters, isolation and enumeration of bacteria were performed using standard methods …

Keywords : bacteria, irrigation, market gardeners, physico-chemical parameters, shallows, water
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2_shallow_irrigation_water.pdf

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Title

GEOINFORMATICS CHARACTERISATION OF DRAINAGE SYSTEMS WITHIN MUYA WATERSHED IN THE UPPER NIGER DRAINAGE BASIN, NIGERIA

Author/s Innocent E. BELLO1 Ayila ADZANDEH2 Momoh, L. RILWANI3
Source International Journal of Research In Earth and Enviornmental Sciences pp 18 – 36 Vol 02. No.. 3– 2014
Abstract

This paper presents a geoinformatics-based modelling of Muya watershed drainage characteristics in the Upper Niger drainage basin in Nigeria. DEM was generated from topographic map, while the network of streams was generated from combined topographic map and Landsat image. Analysis was undertaken in ArcGIS/Arcview environment. Basic drainage parameters measured and analysed included stream order, stream length, stream pattern, flow direction, bifurcation ratio, drainage density, stream frequency and flow accumulation. The results show that the watershed drains an area of about 97.23km2, and 468km of stream length of all segments with a mean length of 1.32km. 3D elevation model indicates …

Keywords Drainage Basin, Watershed, Geoinformatics, Watershed, Drainage Pattern, Drainage Analysis
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3_geoinformatics_charaterisation_of_drainagr_systems.pdf

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IJREES Volume 2 Issue 2 

Title

ESTIMATION OF WIND ENERGY POTENTIAL USING WAsP IN HATAY AIRPORT REGION

Author/s Bahattin TANÇ*, İlker MERT, Hüseyin Turan ARAT, Cuma KARAKUŞ, Ertuğru BALTACIOĞLU
Source International Journal of Research In Earth and Enviornmental Sciences pp 01 – 09 Vol 02. No. 2– 2014
Abstract

The main purpose of this study is to determine the possible wind power generation in Hatay airport region using the wind data measured by Meteorology Station of Hatay airport during the year 2012 and included direction-speed values. The airport area was simulated by WAsP (Wind Atlas Analyses and Application Program) program. Based on post-processed wind data, the climatology of the region, the local orography and roughness were determined by WAsP.. . .. . …

Keywords Wind energy, wind potential, Hatay Airport, WAsP..
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1_wind_energy_potential.pdf

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Title

SPETRAL ANALYSIS AROUND BAJOGA AND BAGE TOWNS

Author/s Mohammad Ali Garba
Source International Journal of Research In Earth and Enviornmental Sciences pp 10 – 20 Vol 02. No.. 2– 2014
Abstract

Four (4) magnetic profiles were established for the evaluation and the magnetic anomaly map, the regional geology and its Residual Magnetic Anomaly helped in identifying the nature and depth of the magnetic sources in the study region. The magnetic residual values range from -134 nT to +116 nT. The depth to bed rock from the four profiles taken across profiles A-A’, B-B’ C-C’ and D-D’ are 2.40km, 2.23km, 0.90km and 1.60km respectively. The area shows magnetic closures of various sizes at the Western part of the study area trending Northeast-Southwest and . …

Keywords Spetral Analysis, Magnetic Anomaly, Magnetic Profiles
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2_spetral_analysis.pdf

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IJREES Volume 2 Issue 1 

Title

THE INFLUENCE OF TOPOGRAPHY ON THE DISTRIBUTION OF URBAN HEAT ISLAND EFFECT IN CALABAR METROPOLIS.

Author/s Eni, Devalsam Imoke, Upla, Joseph Ibu, UBI,ARIKPO ETTA
Source International Journal of Research In Earth and Enviornmental Sciences pp 01 – 07 Vol 02. No. 1– 2014
Abstract

Anthropogenic activities and modification of landscapes in the city of Calabar have impacted on the micro climate as a result of rapid urbanization which has caused urban heat island. The study seeks to examine the influence of topography on the distribution of urban heat Island in Calabar. Temperature readings were obtained in-situ from designated areas hourly between 12pm-6pm for three consecutive days. The co-ordinates and elevation of each sample point was obtained using the Global Positioning System (GPS). . .. . …

Keywords Urban heat, temperature, topography, elevation and landuse.
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1_geography__enviornment.pdf

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Title

TRANSPORT PHENOMENA OF SULPHATE THROUGHOUT DAM LAKE SYSTEM

Author/s Turgay Dere1*, Numan Yildirim, Durali Danabas, Nuran Cikcikoglu Yildirim, Ayten Oztufekci Onal, Nilgun Tayhan, Seval Danabas, Cemil Ergin2 Gülsad Uslu3, and Erhan Unlu
Source International Journal of Research In Earth and Enviornmental Sciences pp 08 – 12 Vol 02. No.. 1– 2014
Abstract

In this study, the river Munzur, the river Pulumur, and Uzunçayir Dam Lake, ten sampling stations have been identified. For each station, in January, March and May, sulphate concentration was measured. For 120 days, every station, changing the concentration of sulphate, has been considered as the first-order reaction kinetics. Accordingly, the reaction constant k: 4,10 * 10-3 day-1 was calculated. According to the calculated reaction . …

Keywords Dam Lake, Kinetic, Modeling, Sulfate, Sulphate.
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2_environmental_engineering.pdf

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Title

LIMESTONE-BASED CLOSED REACTOR FOR PASSIVE TREATMENT OF HIGHLY ACIDIC RAW WATER

Author/s Faradiella Mohd Kusin, Siti Nurjaliah Muhammad and Mohd Syakirin Md Zahar
Source International Journal of Research In Earth and Enviornmental Sciences pp 13 – 23 Vol 02. No. 1– 2014
Abstract

Limestone has been widely used in the treatment of acidic water due to its potential of neutralising acid and removing metals in water. In this study, the efficiency of a laboratory-scale limestone-based closed reactor was evaluated for treatment of highly acidic raw water. The treatment reactor was basically designed to enhance limestone dissolution and alkalinity generation under anoxic condition thus minimising the potential of armouring which may decrease the rate of acid neutralisation. Actual raw water from two different sources that is highly acidic with very low pH was used in the experiment, treated . …

Keywords acidic water treatment; alkalinity generation; pH rise; limestone-based closed reactor
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3_acidic_water_treatment.pdf

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