IJRMHS VOLUME 4

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ISSN 2307-2083

IJRMHS Volume 4                             Issues 10  -9 -8 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1

 

Issue 10 ( New)

Title

EMPOWERMENT INTERVENTION IN A WARD: A SOCIAL NETWORKS ANALYSIS STUDYS

 

Author/s YI-HORNG LAI
Source International Journal of Research In Medical and Health Sciences pp 01 -10 Vol 04. No. 10– 2015
Abstract This study is to discuss the effect of intervention on job satisfaction, professional commitment and social networks. A quasi-experimental design was used in which one pre-intervention survey and one post-intervention survey was used to collect data from the 322 nurses in 17 wards in a hospital. With the result of the study, it could be find the relationship of advice network and professional commitment was positive and significant. .. …
Keywords Friendship, Empowerment, intervention, Professional commitment, Social networks
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1 Health Care Administration

Title

MULTIFACTOR STUNTING OCCURRENCES ASSOCIATED WITH CHILDREN IN JAYAPURA PAPUA

 

Author/s SINCE KADIWARU¹, I RAI NGARDITA¹, WAHIDA Y. MAPANDIN²
Source International Journal of Research In Medical and Health Sciences pp 11 – 22 Vol 04. No. 10– 2015
Abstract

Based Health Research in 2013, the nutritional status of children is an important thing that should be known by every parent. The need for more attention to the growth and development of children under five are based short toddlers (stunting) 38.84%, an increase of 2.04% compared to 2007 (36.8%). Facts prove that the malnutrition that occurred during this gold is irrevesible (can not be recovered). The purpose of this study aims to determine the relationship of breastfeeding, exclusive breastfeeding, duration of breastfeeding, nutrition, parity and economic status of the stunting of children under five in the city of Jayapura.
. …

Keywords Stunting, BMS, Nutrient Intake, Toddler
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2 MULTIFACTOR STUNTING

Title THERAPEUTIC USE OF BOTULINUM TOXIN IN TRACHEO-ESOPHAGEAL SPEECH FAILURE – A CASE REPORT

 

Author/s DR.B.S.PREMALATHA, DR.ASHOK MOHAN SHENOY, MR.SUMAN N.
Source International Journal of Research In Medical and Health Sciences pp 23 – 26 Vol 04. No. 10– 2015
Abstract

The present study focus on the therapeutic use of Botulinum Toxin in the Tracheo-Esophageal speech failure in a single subject who exhibited hypertonic PE segment following laryngectomy, as Botulinum Toxin is used to relax the spasmodic pharyngo esophageal segment. 49 year male with the history of total laryngectomy and left sided pharyngeal plexus neurectomy and primary TEP, with the complaint of unable to produce TEP speech due to hypertonic PE segment served as participant
. …

Keywords Tracheo-Esophageal speech (TE speech), Botulinum Toxin (Botox), Pharyngoesophageal segment (PE segment)
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3 THERAPEUTIC USE OF BOTULINUM TOXIN

Issue 9

Title

VITAMIN D STATUS AND DETERMINANTS AMONG AMBULATORY PATIENTS: A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY

Author/s RACHKIDI DIANA, AOUN ANTOINE
Source International Journal of Research In Medical and Health Sciences pp 01 -07 Vol 04. No. 9– 2015
Abstract

Many reports from the sunny Middle East region have shown a contradictory high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in different subgroups. Therefore, a cross-sectional study was performed to assess vitamin D status and its lifestyle determinants in a sample of Lebanese ambulatory patients referred by their physician to test vitamin D levels. A total of 105 subjects (87 women and 18 men; mean age 49.21 ± 14.59) years) were recruited from a university hospital (latitude 34˚ north) during a period of 4 months. Vitamin D concentrations ranged from 8 to 137.5 nmol/l with a mean 25-hydroxyvitamin D of 53.26 ± 30.92 nmol/l. The prevalence of deficiency .. …

Keywords Vitamin D, Patient, Deficiency, Dietary intake, Supplement
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1_vitamin_d_status.pdf

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Title

FACTORS MILITATING AGAINST THE USE OF INSECTICIDE TREATED NETS AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN IN NIGERIA.

Author/s MARTINA EZEAMA, FELIX EZEAMAH, QUEENSLEY GINIKA AKOR
Source International Journal of Research In Medical and Health Sciences pp 08 – 14 Vol 04. No. 9– 2015
Abstract

The study was carried out to determine factors militating against utilization of insecticide treated nets by pregnant women. This was based on the background of the study which reflected low usage of ITNS by pregnant women in the study setting. A total 201 pregnant women were interviewed using questionnaire. Overall results showed that majority were aware of the insecticide treated net but usage was low. Most respondents reported experiencing excessive heat under net, were afraid of the chemical used in producing the net and suffocation . …

Keywords Pregnant Women, Malaria, Insecticide Treated Net, Nigeria
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2_use_of_insecticide_treated_nets_among_pregnant_women_in_nigeria.pdf

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Title

WASTE WATER AS RESERVOIR OF ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANT MICRO-ORGANISMS: A CASE OF LUANSHYA WASTE WATER PONDS

Author/s L MUBBUNU, S. SIYUMBI, C KATONGO, A MWAMBUNGU
Source International Journal of Research In Medical and Health Sciences pp 15 – 20 Vol 04. No. 9– 2015
Abstract

Background and objectives: The greatest threat to the use of antibiotics in the treatment of bacterial infections is the emergence and spread of antibiotic resistant bacteria. Indiscriminate use of antibiotics for medical purposes has taken the brunt of the blame; in addition patients who do not complete their prescriptions have also been recognized as a cause for the development of antibiotic resistant bacteria. Antibiotic resistant microorganisms get to the environment through different means amongst them the pollution of the environment by human beings. Pollution of the environment by human and animal waste is a common threat to water resources. Wastewater discharged in rivers may increase the prevalence of multidrug resistant microorganisms in natural waters. Untreated human sewerage frequently enters water ways as a point of discharge or by accident from waste water treatment plants. The main objective of this study was to determine the presence of antibiotic resistant microorganisms in Luanshya waste water ponds using the disc diffusion method. . …

Keywords Waste water ponds, coliform, antibiotic discs, Susceptibility testing, Kirby-bauer
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3_waste_water_as_reservoir_of_antibiotic_resistant_micro-organisms__ijrs.pdf

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IJRMHS Volume 4 Issue 8

Title

TREATMENT MODALITIES AND RECURRENCE POTENTIAL FOR LYMPHATIC MALFORMATIONS IN CHILDREN

Author/s RIZAJ M. DIELLOR
Source International Journal of Research In Medical and Health Sciences pp 01 -06 Vol 04. No. 8– 2014
Abstract

Lymphatic malformations (LMs) are slow-flow lesions that mainly occur during embryonic development, through disruption of lymphatic drainage. The study aims to evaluate the diagnostic and treatment modalities of LMs, as well as the outcome after operative or non-operative therapy. Thirty seven patients treated for LM were selected from a group of 97 patients, operated on for congenital vascular malformations from 1991 to 2010 at the University Hospital, Department of Pediatric and Adolescent Surgery, in Graz, Austria. Retrospectively were reviewed the data with a special focus on anatomic location, symptoms and signs, the results of conducted imaging, treatments modalities and recurrence after the treatment. During the study period 37 patients (18 females and 19 males) with LMs were treated. .. …

Keywords lymphatic malformations, surgical treatment, recurrence
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1_lymphatic_malformations.pdf

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Title

DATA MINING METHODS FOR THE RESEARCH OF OUTCOME ANALYSIS OF ARTERIOVENOUS FISTULA IN TAIWAN

Author/s YI-HORNG LAI
Source International Journal of Research In Medical and Health Sciences pp 07 – 13 Vol 04. No. 8– 2014
Abstract

This study described the outcome and revision history after arteriovenous fistula operations in Taiwan by case linkage in the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) from 1997 to 2010. 3374 patients and 3866 cases with confirmed clinical details of arteriovenous fistulae were queried from the 1/20-sampled hospitalization dataset. . …

Keywords Arteriovenous Fistula, Data Mining, Disease Comorbidity Network, Cox Regression, Network Analysis
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2_arteriovenous_fistula.pdf

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Title

AWARENESS, OWNERSHIP AND UTILIZATION OF LONG LASTING INSECTICIDE-TREATED NET (LLIN) AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN ATTENDING ANTENATAL CLINIC IN IMO STATE UNIVERSITY TEACHING HOSPITAL, ORLU, IMO STATE

Author/s OZIMS S.J and Eberendu I.F
Source International Journal of Research In Medical and Health Sciences pp 14 – 21 Vol 04. No. 8– 2014
Abstract

This is a descriptive cross sectional study designed to assess the level of awareness, ownership and utilization of long lasting insecticide-treated nets (LLIN) by pregnant women attending antenatal clinics at the Imo State University Teaching hospital Orlu, Imo state. Objective is to determine the level of awareness, ownership and utilization of long lasting insecticide treated nets (LLIN) among pregnant women attending antenatal (ANC) in a tertiary health institution in Imo state of Nigeria. A structured questionnaire was administered to three hundred and seventy five (375) pregnant women aged 15 to above 45 years that consented to the study during their routine antenatal care sessions at the hospital. Data entry and analysis was done on a computer using frequency tables, cross tabulations of important variables . …

Keywords : long lasting insecticide-treated nets (LLIN), pregnant women
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3_long_lasting_insecticide-treated_net_llin.pdf

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Title

TWENTY YEAR REVIEW OF TREATMENT MANAGEMENT OF VENOUS MALFORMATIONS

Author/s DIELLOR M. RIZAJ, MD
Source International Journal of Research In Medical and Health Sciences pp 22 – 26 Vol 04. No. 8– 2014
Abstract

Venous malformations (VMs) are the most common of all vascular malformations and they belong to a group of “slow-flow” malformations. The aim of the present study was to analyze retrospectively the outcome of all patients with venous malformations hospitalized and treated at the Department of Pediatric and Adolescent Surgery in Graz over the 20 years period. Twenty five patients were included into this study. Data of gender distribution, diagnosis at time of discharge, results of conducted imaging, information concerning medical history and clinical symptoms as well as invasive and non invasive treatment during the course of disease including the duration of hospitalization and the follow-up have been evaluated. . …

Keywords venous malformations, surgical resection, sclerotherapy, lasertherapy
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4_venous_malformations.pdf

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IJRMHS Volume 4 Issue 7

Title

THE EFFECT OF AQUEOUS EXTRACT OF GINGER ON LIVER ENZYMES OF ADULT WISTAR RATS.

Author/s EZEJINDU DN, UDEMEZUE OO, CHUKWUJEKWU IE, ANYABOLU AE, UCHEFUNA RC, MADUKA SO, , EZEJINDU CN, NDUKWE GU
Source International Journal of Research In Medical and Health Sciences pp 01 -05 Vol 04. No. 7– 2014
Abstract

This study was carried out to evaluate the effects of aqueous extract of ginger on liver enzymes of adult wistar rats. Twenty adult wistar rats of weights 190 – 215 were allocated into four groups (A, B, C & D) of five animals each. Group A served as the control and were orally administered 0.2ml of distilled water; the experimental groups B, C and D received o.3ml, 0.6ml, and 0.9ml of aqueous extract of ginger respectively for twenty one days. The animals were weighed, sacrificed under the influence of chloroform vapour and dissected after the last administration. Liver were harvested and weighed. Blood samples were collected through cardiac puncture using sterile syringes and needles. Blood for serum preparation was collected into sterile plain tubes and stored in the refrigerator for analysis. .. …

Keywords Liver enzymes, Liver weight, Body weight, Ginger, Wistar rats
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1_liver_enzymes.pdf

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Title

EFFECTS OF PREGNANCY AND CHILDBIRTH ON MALE SEXUALITY: A COMPARATIVE DESCRIPTIVE STUDY

Author/s ABBASALI EBRAHIMIAN, MOHAMMAD-REZA ASGARI, MARYAM HAYDARI, MAEDEH TOURDEH
Source International Journal of Research In Medical and Health Sciences pp 06 – 11 Vol 04. No. 7– 2014
Abstract

Childbirth is one of the factors effective in sexual disorders which can be effective in such disorders in men and women by creating different physical and psychological changes. Therefore a study was conducted aiming to compare the sexual disorders in men after the childbirth of their wives with the period before pregnancy. In a descriptive-analytic study, men that their wives had the experience of childbirth recently were examined. There were 100 participants. The information was obtained with the help of a questionnaire that would examine the sexual disorders in married men before pregnancy and after childbirth. Data collection and statistical and descriptive-analytical methods were done and analyzed using SPSS19 software . …

Keywords Sexual Dysfunctions, Male, Pregnancy
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2_effects_of_pregnancy_and_childbirth_on_male_sexuality.pdf

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IJRMHS Volume 4 Issue 6 

Title

PHYTOCHEMICAL AND ANTIMICROBIAL EVALUATION OF LEAF AND SEED OF MORINGA OLIFERA EXTRACTS

Author/s A. J. AKINYEYE, E.O. SOLANKE, I.O. ADEBIYI
Source International Journal of Research In Medical and Health Sciences pp 01 -10 Vol 04. No. 6– 2014
Abstract

In recent times, the use of plants as a source of vital compounds to combat microbial infections has gained prominence. The necessity to search for plant-based antimicrobials is increasing due to high cost, reduced efficacy and increased resistance to conventional medicines. This study analyzed the phytochemical composition of moringa olifera, and antimicrobial potential of its methanol and hexane extracts on Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumonia, Pseudomonas aeuriginosa and Candida albicans, using antimicrobial screening techniques. Phytochemical analysis revealed the presence of alkaloids, glycosides, flavonoids, steroids, saponins and tannins .. …

Keywords Phytochemical, Antimicrobial, Evaluation, Moringa olifera
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1_phytochemical_and_antimicrobial_evaluation.pdf

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Title

CHANGING EPIDEMIOLOGY AND ANTIFUNGAL SUSCEPTIBILITY PATTERNS OF CANDIDA SPECIES ISOLATED FROM GHANAIAN HIV-POSITIVE PATIENTS

Author/s MATE SIAKWA, AMANDUS ANKOBIL AND EMMANUEL HANSEN-OWOO
Source International Journal of Research In Medical and Health Sciences pp 11 – 17 Vol 04. No. 6– 2014
Abstract

The most common type of fungaemia, candidaemia is caused by Candida spp. There is an alarming emergence of resistant strains of Candida spp. to antifungal treatment patterns. In this study, candidaemia among Ghanaian HIV/AIDS patients was compared to a similar study in 2008 to ascertain the changing prevalence of different Candida spp. and novel susceptibility patterns to the common antifungal drugs; amphotericin B, clotrimazole, ketoconazole, fluconazole itraconazole and nystatin. From 2010 – 2014, a total of 176 Candida spp. (including 15 non-speciated isolates) were obtained from HIV positive individuals. The species were isolated and identified by culture on Sabouraud agar, sugar fermentation, assimilation, urease production tests and confirmed by mini API bioMerieux analyzer. . …

Keywords Antifungal drugs – candidaemia – epidemiology – HIV/AIDS
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2_hiv-positive_patients.pdf

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Title

SEXUAL FUNCTION IN MALE SCHIZOPHRENIC PATIENTS WHO USE ANTIPSYCHOTIC

Author/s WIJAYA TAUFIK TIJI, ELMEIDA EFFENDY
Source International Journal of Research In Medical and Health Sciences pp 18- 25 Vol 04. No. 6– 2014
Abstract

Sexuality is an important part of human life. Although, for those who suffer from severe mental disorders such as schizophrenia. The limitations of the available data suggest that sexual dysfunction is common in patients with schizophrenia. Sullivan and his colleagues estimated that 30% -60% of patients with schizophrenia experiencing sexual dysfunction. Objective: To reveal the sexual function in male schizophrenic patients receiving antipsychotic treatment Methods: This research is a descriptive study, observations were made at the time of observation. The selection of the sample by means of non-probability sampling types consecutive sampling. Number of study subjects was 100 subjects. . …

Keywords Schizoprenic, antipsychotic, sexual function.
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3_sexual_function.pdf

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Title

THE HISTOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF ANNONA MURICATA (SOURSOP) ETHANOLIC LEAF EXTRACT ON THE KIDNEYS OF ADULT WISTAR RATS.

Author/s EZEJINDU DN, UDEMEZUE OO, CHUKWUJEKWU IE, UCHEFUNA RC, MADUKA SO, AKINGBOYE AJ, EZEJINDU CN
Source International Journal of Research In Medical and Health Sciences pp 26 – 31 Vol 04. No. 6– 2014
Abstract

The objective of this study is to evaluate the histological effect of Annona muricata ethanolic leaf extract on the kidneys of adult wistar rats. Twenty adult wistar rats weighing 180-205g were used for the study. They were divided into four groups (A, B, C & D) of five animals each. Group A served as the control and received 0.3ml of distilled water; the experimental group B, C & D were orally administered 0.2ml, 0.4ml and 0.6ml of Annona muricata ethanolic leaf extract respectively for twenty eight days . …

Keywords Annona muricata, Nephrotoxicity, Kidney weight, Body weight, Wistar rats.
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4_health_sciences.pdf

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Title

AXMS: OPTIMAL TOOL FOR INTRAMURAL EXERCISE MONITORING

Author/s JEN-LIANG CHENG, CHIEN-CHI CHEN, TZAI-LI LI, LIN-HSUAN CHEN
Source International Journal of Research In Medical and Health Sciences pp 32 – 36 Vol 04. No. 6– 2014
Abstract

School requires an affordable and sustainable monitoring system to deliver cost-effective physical activity program. Experiments showed that pedometer-based system is effective but not sustainable due to the intensive labor for data collection and device maintenance. In this article, we first urge the importance of intramural exercise program and then analyze the requirement to measure it. A system based on radio frequency identification technology is invented based on the analysis and realistic considerations. Experience in operating it showed that data collecting work and system maintenance burden can be saved. We conclude that even the low cost pedometers cannot be a feasible solution within decade due to the need . …

Keywords Radio frequency identification, Physical activity measurement, School-based physical activity promotion, Pedometer.
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5_intramural_exercise_monitoring.pdf

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IJRMHS Volume 4 Issue 5 

Title

EFFECTS OF CHRONIC HEPATITIS B INFECTION ON PREGNANCY AND BIRTH OUTCOMES IN GHANA

Author/s MATE SIAKWA, DZIGBODI KPIKPITSE, AMANDUS ANKOBIL, SYLVIA MUPEPI MILDRED E JOHN, PATIENCE F DOE, EBU I NANCY, SHADRACH DARE, E HANSEN-OWOO
Source International Journal of Research In Medical and Health Sciences pp 01 -12 Vol 04. No. 5– 2014
Abstract

Ghana is a known endemic area for hepatitis B virus (HBV) infections, yet the consequences of HBV infection on pregnancy outcomes are unknown. This prospective cohort study was thus conducted among 512 pregnant women attending antenatal clinic in the Cape Coast Teaching Hospital, Ghana, between January, 2011 and December, 2013 to determine the effects of hepatitis B during pregnancy on birth outcomes in Ghana. .. …

Keywords Hepatitis B, neonatal outcome, pregnancy outcome, Ghana
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1_chronic_hepatitis_b.pdf

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Title

APOPTOTIC PATHWAYS IN HUMAN BREAST CANCER CELL MODELS (MCF-7 AND MDA-MB-231) INDUCED BY RICE BRAN DERIVED PENTAPEPTIDE

Author/s RUIQI LI, NAVAM HETTIARACHCHY, MAHENDRAN MAHADEVAN
Source International Journal of Research In Medical and Health Sciences pp 13 – 21 Vol 04. No. 5– 2014
Abstract

Bioactive peptides derived from food sources with anti-proliferative properties against cancer have drawn more attention in recent years. A pentapeptide derived from rice bran has shown anti-proliferative property on human breast cancer cells. The objective of this study was to investigate the apoptotic pathways induced by the pentapeptide in breast cancer cell models (MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231). The growth inhibition activity of pentapeptide was evaluated by phenazine methosulfate-3-(4,5-dimethyl thiazole-2-yl)]-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium . …

Keywords Pentapeptide, breast cancer, caspase, biomarker, pathway
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2_breast_cancer_cell.pdf

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Title

MULTIVARIATE ANALYSIS IN PREVALENCE OF NOISE-INDUCED HEARING LOSS IN INDUSTRIAL COMPANY

Author/s HELDER CESAR TINOCO, GILSON BRITO ALVES LIMA
Source International Journal of Research In Medical and Health Sciences pp 22 – 33 Vol 04. No. 5– 2014
Abstract

Noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) impacts on about 20% of inability to hear around the world, becoming an increasingly common occupational disease. Arising from exposure to high sound pressure levels over the years, generates progressive and irreversible hearing loss, and symptoms such as: tinnitus, ear pain, headache, stomach upset, transient changes in blood pressure, stress, disturbances of vision, attention, memory and sleep. Aiming to identify and analyze the latent variables that impact the NIHL in workplace, this research seeks to find approaches that relate the understanding of the phenomenon associated with exposure to physical risk noise in the occupational environment. . …

Keywords :Noise Exposure, NIHL, Risk, Hearing Loss.
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3_hearing_loss.pdf

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Title

HEALTH RISK IN WORKERS EXPOSED TO WET CEMENT

Author/s SAJI K. G, ZUBAIR M. AND VARGHESE P. R.
Source International Journal of Research In Medical and Health Sciences pp 34 – 37 Vol 04. No. 5– 2014
Abstract

Construction industry is one of the booming industries in the world. Workers engaged in this field are exposed to various hazardous substances. Portland cement is the common type of cement in usual usage and it consists of many toxic constituents. Exposure to these constituents may lead to various health effects and chronic complications. The study comprises 508 cases which include labors in construction field. The study group is categorized into 3 (less than 10 years of exposure, 10-20 years and more than 20 years). . …

Keywords Cement workers, health hazards, risk and year of exposure
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4_health_risk.pdf

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Title

MY FIVE ATTRIBUTES OF MANIA

Author/s SHARON A. LEWIS, Ph.D.
Source International Journal of Research In Medical and Health Sciences pp 38 – 42 Vol 04. No. 5– 2014
Abstract

This paper is a first person account of experiencing the highs and lows of bipolar disorder while medicated and un-medicated. This account covers obtaining a Ph.D. in Chemistry to becoming a tenured Associate Professor of Chemistry. The title says it all. My five attributes may not be the average person’s experience with bipolar disorder I. I am sharing my personal experience knowing that most people choosing not to take their medication with the diagnosis of a severe mental illness will not obtain a Ph.D. let alone become a tenured professor . …

Keywords bipolar disorder, personal account, mania, depression, manic depression
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5_attributes_of_mania.pdf

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Title

EFFECT OF ORGAN TYPE , DRYING METHODS, AND EXTRACTION TIME ON YIELD AND ESSENTIAL OIL COMPONENTS OF MICROMERIA BARBATA L. BEFORE FLOWERING

Author/s SAER ALWAN, KHALED EL OMARI, ITAB SUKARIEH, HYAM SOUFI, CHARAFEDDINE JAMA, SAMI ZREIKA
Source International Journal of Research In Medical and Health Sciences pp 43 – 47 Vol 04. No. 5– 2014
Abstract

Micromeria barbata of Lamiaceae family is a perennial medicinal and aromatic plant grown in the rocky areas of most east Mediterranean region. This study was conducted to determine the effects of organ type, drying methods, and extraction time on the yield and components of the essential oil extracted from this plant during non flowering period. Three organ types (leaves, stems and mix of both leaves and stems), two drying methods (3 days sun drying and 5 days shade drying), four extraction times (1, 2, 3 and 4 hours) were investigated . …

Keywords Micromeria barbata, organ types, drying methods, extraction time, yield, chemical components
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6_effect_of_organ_type.pdf

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Title

USING EXPECTANCY-VALUE THEORIES TO UNDERSTAND TAIWANESE’S END-OF-LIFE DECISION-MAKING BEHAVIOR

Author/s YVONNE HSIUNG
Source International Journal of Research In Medical and Health Sciences pp 48 – 56 Vol 04. No. 5– 2014
Abstract

The purpose of this article is to review and examine multiple behavioral theories that are expectancy-value based with an attempt to understand their usefulness in explaining Taiwanese’s end-of-life decision-making. Critiques of historical expectancy-value theories are presented with conceptual and methodological issues. A brief comparison of eight selected models is tabulated in terms of their nature, aims, major assumptions, strengths and weaknesses of theoretical components. . …

Keywords Taiwanese, End-of-life Decisions, Theory of Reasoned Action, Theory of Planned Behavior
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7_nursing.pdf

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Title

CHOLECYSTORRHAPHY IN THE MANAGEMENT OF MULTI-ORGAN GUN SHOT INJURY OF THE ABDOMEN.

Author/s ANELE A A, OKORO I O, ASODIKE V C, CHUKWULEBE A E, AGBAKWURU E A, JIBURUM B C, AGUOCHA J K, OPARAOCHA D C, IGWE P O
Source International Journal of Research In Medical and Health Sciences pp 57 – 62 Vol 04. No. 5– 2014
Abstract

Although, other abdominal organs may be implicated in multiple-organ gunshot injury of the abdomen; the gall-bladder appears to be anatomically protected. We particularize here a case of multiple-organ injury of the abdomen in which the gall-bladder was also involved. The popular concept is cholecytectomy once the gall-bladder is injured. . …

Keywords Cholecystorrhaphy, Multiple gun-shot injury, Pragmatism, Management, dire circumstances.
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8_gun_shot_injury.pdf

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Title

KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICES STUDY ON TYPE II DIABETES AND THE INFLUENCE OF EDUCATION ON IT.

Author/s SRIDEVI K BHAT, SWATHI ACHARYA K, PALLAVI G SHETTIGAR
Source International Journal of Research In Medical and Health Sciences pp 63 – 67 Vol 04. No. 5– 2014
Abstract

Various research studies show that the KAP score of test group patients improved significantly after providing nutrition education whereas no significant changes were observed in control group patients. The current study is to study the effect of nutrition education on Knowledge, attitude and Practice among type 2 Diabetes mellitus. Experimental study design with experimental and control was adopted by interviewing 140 diabetic subjects. The interview schedule included demographic information and KAP of selected questions. KAP among the selected subjects were classified as poor, moderate and good. . …

Keywords : KAP, education, type 2 diabetes mellitus, diet, and lifestyle.
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9_kap_on_type_ii_diabetes.pdf

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Title

PREVALENCE OF CRYPTOSPORIDIUM SPECIES AND GIARDIA LAMBLIA INFECTION IN PATIENTS ATTENDING SIAYA DISTRICT HOSPITAL

Author/s KOSKEI KIPCHIRCHIR J, MBURU JANE, ODHIAMBO ROSE
Source International Journal of Research In Medical and Health Sciences pp 68 – 76 Vol 04. No. 5– 2014
Abstract

Objective: The study was conducted to assess the prevalence Cryptosporidium species and G. lamblia infections among patients attending Siaya district hospital. Methods: A single stool specimen was collected from a total of 384 patients attending hospital laboratory with diarrhoea. The study was carried out over a period of two months covering January to March 2013. The specimens were processed for Cryptosporidium species and G. lamblia using ELISA (Giardia II/Cryptosporidium II) test and microscopy. . …

Keywords : Giardia lamblia, microscopy, Cryptosporidium species, coproantigen, ELISA.
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10_g._lamblia_infections.pdf

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Title

NEONATAL SEPSIS IN RURAL GHANA: A CASE CONTROL STUDY OF RISK FACTORS IN A BIRTH COHORT

Author/s MATE SIAKWA, KPIKPITSE, D., MUPEPI, S., SEMUATU, MOHAMED
Source International Journal of Research In Medical and Health Sciences pp 77 – 88 Vol 04. No. 5– 2014
Abstract

Neonatal sepsis poses a major challenge to achieving the MDG-4 due to lack of facilities to implement proposed management guidelines. Identifying risk factors of neonatal sepsis will help put strategies in place to prevent sepsis. This prospective case control study investigated risk factors of neonatal sepsis in the Asutifi District a typical rural setting of the Brong Ahafo Region of Ghana. A semi-structured check list was used to collect clinical and demographic data from 196 neonates (96 with sepsis as case and 100 without sepsis as control) and respective mothers. Maternal factors that were significantly associated . …

Keywords : Neonatal sepsis, rural Ghana, MDG-4
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11_neonatal_sepsis.pdf

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IJRMHS Volume 4 Issue 4 

Title

CHINESE CULTURAL DECISION-MAKING AT THE END OF LIFE: FROM A THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVE

Author/s YVONNE HSIUNG
Source International Journal of Research In Medical and Health Sciences pp 01 -09 Vol 04. No. 4– 2014
Abstract

The purpose of this article is to review and examine important theoreis in decision and communication research in understanding Chinese cultural needs at the end of life. It is worth mentioning that this article has no intention to critique a specific decision-making theory nor to test the accuracy of these postulative contents in the real medical situation. Rather, elements identified from decision-making literature are reviewed into the understanding of how Chinese ethnic patients’ treatment decisions may be best facilitated. This article starts with the historical debates on whether rationality exists in decision-making, a common phenominon of decisional avoidance, and the importance of available information and perceived control during the decision-making process. .. …

Keywords Chinese culture, End of life, life-sustaining treatment, rationality, decisional avoidance
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1_chinese_ethnic_patients_treatment.pdf

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Title

THE EFFECTIVENESS OF A DIABETES SELF-MANAGEMENT PROGRAM FOR DIABETES PATIENTS IN TAIWAN

Author/s SU-HSIEN CHANG, MING-SHING LIN, PEI-CHIN CHAO, CHING-LEN YU, TZU-CHUN CHEN
Source International Journal of Research In Medical and Health Sciences pp 10 – 18 Vol 04. No. 4– 2014
Abstract

The purpose of the study was to test the effectiveness of a diabetes self-management program in controlling blood glucose, HbA1C, blood pressure, cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL, HDL, and saliva cortisol as well as regularity of exercise, improving diabetes self-efficacy, exercise self- efficacy and outcome expectations, and diabetes self-knowledge. This study was a single group, pre and post test research design. All subjects received an exercise and diabetes self-management handbook, Walk Daily for Better Control of Diabetes, via a trained diabetes educator. . …

Keywords Patient Education, Type II Diabetes, Self-Management, Taiwanese, Exercise
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2_diabetes_patients.pdf

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Title

OROPHARYNGEAL CANDIDIASIS IN HIV/AIDS: A HOSPITAL BASED CO-RELATION STUDY

Author/s MUKHERJEE M, BASAK S, GUHA SK, DUTTA D, CHAKRABORTY A
Source International Journal of Research In Medical and Health Sciences pp 19 – 23 Vol 04. No. 4– 2014
Abstract

Candida infection is found among a wide population including immuno-compromised individuals like HIV/AIDS patients with worldwide distribution. Candidiasis is the commonest opportunistic infection in the immuno-compromised group. It shows considerable variations among age group, sex, socio-economic status, immune status, species differentiation and some other aspects. HIV/AIDS patients attending Out Patients’ Department (OPD) of School of Tropical Medicine, Kolkata, were included in this study with the aim to assess the prevalence of Oropharyngeal Candidiasis (OPC) among them. Information were collected from 160 patients clinically . …

Keywords :Oropharyngeal Candidiasis, HIV, Immunocompromised, CD4.
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Title

PERCEPTION OF EXPERIENCED MOTHERS AND HEALTH WORKERS ON PATTERNS OF INFANT FEEDING METHODS IN EKITI STATE

Author/s DR. JOSEPH OLUROTIMI OGUNLADE
Source International Journal of Research In Medical and Health Sciences pp 24 – 28 Vol 04. No. 4– 2014
Abstract

This paper examines the perception of experienced mothers and health workers on infant feeding method. Descriptive design of the survey was used for the study. The population of the study comprises of experienced mothers and the health workers in Ekiti State. The sample used was 200 which were selected using sample random sampling techniques . …

Keywords Perception, Experienced, infant feeding
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4_psychology.pdf

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Title

QUALITY OF TOMATO HIND FISH (CEPHALOPHOLIS SONNERATI) AT DIFFERENT STAGES OF POST HARVEST PROCESSING

Author/s SARITHA, K., IMMACULATE JEYASANTA, K. AND JAMILA PATTERSON
Source International Journal of Research In Medical and Health Sciences pp 29 – 41 Vol 04. No. 4– 2014
Abstract

Quality deterioration of Tomato hind fish Cephalopholis sonnerati during different stages of post harvest handling and processing were assessed. The biochemical, microbial and sensory quality parameters were analysed in the fish samples immediately after harvesting, before and after icing the fishes and after landing the sample. Also the microbial quality, spoilage indicators were analysed in the harvested area surface water and shore water used for post harvest washing at in different seasons. . …

Keywords Post harvest processing, biochemical and microbial quality, sensory analysis, faecal indicator, pathogenic bacteria.
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5_hygienic_practices.pdf

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IJRMHS Volume 4 Issue 3 

Title

THE HISTOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF GUAVA LEAF AQUEOUS EXTRACT ON KIDNEYS OF ADULT WISTAR RATS.

Author/s Udemezue O.O, Ukoha Ukoha, Ezejindu D N, Okafor J I, Obilor AD
Source International Journal of Research In Medical and Health Sciences pp 01 -06 Vol 04. No. 3– 2014
Abstract

The Young Leaves of Guava have been used as a tonic to treat digestive conditions such as dysentery and diarrhea in the indigenous medical system of Brazil and Mexico. This work is aimed at evaluating the effect of guava leaf extract on the kidneys of adult wistar rats. Twenty adult wistar rats with weight range of 160 to 300g were used for this study .. …

Keywords Wistar rats, Cytoarchiteture, Body weight, Kidney weight, Guava
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1__effects_of_guava_leaves_on_kidneys_of_rats.pdf

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Title

A SURVEY ON THE ANESTHETISTS’ CURRENT EXPOSURE TO AND THE AWARENESS OF OCCUPATIONAL HAZARDS IN CHENGDU REGION

Author/s XueJun CHEN, YongLing WAN, KaiLan WEN, Tao LIANG, Tao LIN, Peng LI
Source International Journal of Research In Medical and Health Sciences pp 07 – 14 Vol 04. No. 3– 2014
Abstract

Objective: To understand the exposure to and the awareness of occupational hazards of Chengdu’s anesthetists, and to provide a scientific basis for effective protective counter-measures. Methods: A cross-sectional study of the anesthetists from 8 hospitals rated “class 3 grade A”, including the Sichuan Provincial People’s Hospital, during the same time section (June 2013-December 2013). Results: The overall occurrence of anesthetists’ occupational hazards was 67.8%, the incidence of sharp injuries being the highest (26.3%), followed by haemal, humoral and salivary contamination (19.5%). . …

Keywords Anesthesiologist; Occupational hazards; Current state; Awareness; Survey
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Title

THE MULTIFACTOR ANALYSIS ON END-OF-TREATMENT TELEPHONE RESPONSE AND PROGNOSIS OF POST-RADIOTHERAPY NASOPHARYNGEAL CARCINOMA PATIENTS

Author/s Mu-Yao CHEN1, Li-Jing HU1*, Yu-Shan CHEN2, Xue-Ping LUN1 Dan-Dan HE2, Pei-Fen CHEN2, Lian-Ying HU2
Source International Journal of Research In Medical and Health Sciences pp 15 – 20 Vol 04. No. 3– 2014
Abstract

Background and Objectives: to analyze the post-radiotherapy NPC patients’ phone response rate and its relevant factors and to discuss the independent prognostic factors of NPC patients’ radiotherapy. Methods: 2520 NPC patients that had received simple radical radiotherapy between Jan. 2007 and Jun. 2012 at Sun Yat-sen University cancer center were involved in an phone follow-up. The patients’ response rate was calculated and the logistic regression analysis was employed to screen out the relevant factors affecting patients’ end-of treatment response. A prognostic factors analysis was preceded as well. The Kaplan-Meier method was applied to calculate the patients’ survival. . …

Keywords : Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma, telephone follow-up, radiotherapy, prognosis, multifactor analysis
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IJRMHS Volume 4 Issue 2 

Title

MOTHER TO CHILD TRANSMISSION OF HEPATITIS B VIRUS IN THE UNIVERSITY OF ILORIN TEACHING HOSPITAL, NIGERIA.

Author/s Olumuyiwa A Ogunlaja (MBBS, FMCOG,FWACS), Adegboyega A Fawole (MBBS,FWACS,FICS), Abiodun S Adeniran (MBBS, FMCOG,FWACS), Hannah O Olawumi (MBBS,FWACP), Idowu P Ogunlaja (MBBS, FWACS)
Source International Journal of Research In Medical and Health Sciences pp 01 -06 Vol 04. No. 2– 2014
Abstract

TA total of 237 pregnant women participated in this study between September 1 to December 31, 2012. Seropositive mothers were indentified following screening of both booked and unbooked pregnant women who consented to participate in the study. The Seropositive mothers were counselled and followed up to delivery and had the babies umbilical cord blood checked for Hepatitis B Surface antigen or otherwise. The seronegative women were counselled on the implication of their status and the need to remain negative. .. …

Keywords Transmission, Hepatitis B Virus
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1_obstetrics_and_gynaecology.pdf

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Title

CLINICAL AND BIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF HIV-INFECTED RAPID PROGRESSOR INFANTS IN YAOUNDE – CAMEROON

Author/s Nguefack Félicitée, Koki Ndombo Paul Olivier, Touffic Othman Carole Leïla, Tejiokem Mathurin Cyrille, Ndongo Audrey, Ateba Ndongo Francis, Fru Florence, Dongmo Roger
Source International Journal of Research In Medical and Health Sciences pp 07 – 14 Vol 04. No. 2– 2014
Abstract

HIV infection in some infants is marked by a rapidly progressive form which is associated with a poor prognosis due to severe clinical and biological manifestations in the first year of life. The aim of this study was to describe the clinical and biological pattern of the rapid progressors infants in a cohort of HIV infected children in a pediatric center at Yaoundé. Methodology. We carried out a retrospective study using medical files of patients aged less than 12 months, at clinical stage 4, or those with CD4 count < 25%, whatever their clinical stage. . …

Keywords HIV/AIDS, rapid progressors, infants, symptoms, paraclinical signs.
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2_medicine_and_biomedical_sciences.pdf

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Title

PATTERNS OF ALCOHOL USE AND PREVALENCE OF CONCOMITANT USE OF ALCOHOL WITH MEDICATIONS IN ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA

Author/s Mubarek Abera, Diribe Kumsa, Tewodros Eyob
Source International Journal of Research In Medical and Health Sciences pp 15 – 23 Vol 04. No. 2– 2014
Abstract

Alcoholic beverages are drinks that contain various proportions of ethyl alcohol. Alcohol use varies depending on an individual’s social, cultural and religious background. Its chronic use may lead and cause devastating health problem if particularly mixed with medications. . …

Keywords alcohol, alcohol-drug concomitant use, prevalence
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3_pharmacy.pdf

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Title

THE EFFECTS OF THE TOMATIS METHOD ON TINNITUS

Author/s Stillitano, C. , Fioretti, A. Cantagallo, M. Eibenstein, A.
Source International Journal of Research In Medical and Health Sciences pp 24 – 29 Vol 04. No. 2– 2014
Abstract

The Tomatis method was developed as a technique for the training of the neuro-psychological and physiological systems by listening to special music program. The aim of the study was to determine the effectiveness of Tomatis method in patients with tinnitus. A young male patient with chronic tinnitus from 6 years was selected. The patient was assessed with Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI), Tinnitus Sample Case History (TSCH), psychological questionnaires, pure tone audiometry, pitch and loudness of tinnitus, loudness discomfort level. THI gave a result of 34 (grade 2). . …

Keywords Tomatis method, Mozart music, audio-psycho-phonology, tinnitus.
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4_tinnitus_2.pdf

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Title

AMNIOTIC FLUID PARAMETERS AND PERINATAL OUTCOME IN PREECLAMPTICS AT TERM

Author/s Olumuyiwa A Ogunlaja (MBBS, FMCOG,FWACS), Adegboyega A Fawole (MBBS,FWACS,FICS), Kikelomo T Adesina (MBBS, FMCOG,FWACS), Halima J Akande (MBBS,FMCR), Abiodun S Adeniran (MBBS, FMCOG,FWACS), Idowu P Ogunlaja (MBBS, FWACS)
Source International Journal of Research In Medical and Health Sciences pp 30 – 35 Vol 04. No. 2– 2014
Abstract

A prospective (descriptive) study of consenting pregnant women with preeclampsia at term recruited from the antenatal clinic, obstetric emergency ward and labour ward of the University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin, Nigeria between 1st October 2012 and 31st January 2013. An informed consent was obtained; each participant had ultrasound assessment using an Aloka machine with a 3.5MHz transducer. The main outcome measure was the perinatal outcome. The data was analyzed using SPSS version 18 with p-value <0.05 regarded as significant at 95% confidence interval.There were120 participants, 84 (70%) had mild preeclampsia while 36 (30%) had severe preeclampsia. . …

Keywords Preeclamptics, perinatal outcome, amniotic fluid index, single largest amniotic fluid pocket.
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5_gynaecology.pdf

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Title

LIVED EXPERIENCE OF PATIENTS UNDERGOING ALLOGENEIC PERIPHERAL HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELL TRANSPLANT

Author/s Tien-Li Liang, MS, PhD(C), RN, Kuan-Pin Lin, PhD, RN, Su-Peng Yeh, MD and Hung-Ru Lin, PhD, RN
Source International Journal of Research In Medical and Health Sciences pp 36 – 46 Vol 04. No. 2– 2014
Abstract

Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation offers cancer patients hope for a cure. However, during the transplant process, patients experience great discomfort, which has a sustantial impact on their psychological, social, and spiritual well-being and severely affects their quality of life. The objective of this study was to understand the lived experience of patients during the period from 100 days to 1 year after undergoing an allogeneic peripheral hematopoietic stem cell transplant. A phenomenological method proposed by Giorgi, purposive sampling, and in-depth interviews were used. . …

Keywords Allogeneic peripheral hematopoietic stem cell transplant, Hematological cancer, Lived experience
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Title

NEW DEVELOPMENT ON TUMOR ASSOCIATED ANTIGEN WITH SPECIFIC TARGET TOWARD LUNG CANCER

Author/s Giulio Tarro
Source International Journal of Research In Medical and Health Sciences pp 47 – 50 Vol 04. No. 3– 2014
Abstract

From the first analysis of immunoprecipitation followed by Western Blotting (WB) Corin and Tumor Liberated Protein (TLP) seem to precipitate at the same height ( approximately 50KDa) and are recognized by the same antibodies. In parallel the tests of immunoprecipitation by the use of cell extracts derived from lung cancer cells A549 and NCI-H23 are improved with the aim to be able of obtaining a precipitate containing only the TLP. In fact the partial aminoacid sequence of TLP showes a high homology with the sequence of human Corin (only one aminoacid is different) and is present in lung cancer . …

Keywords TLP, NSCL, Corin, Immunotherapy, Vaccine
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IJRMHS Volume 4 Issue 1 

Title

THE EFFECT OF PHARMACEUTICAL EFFLUENTS ON THE QUALITY OF GROUNDWATER: A CASE STUDY OF IKEJA INDUSTRIAL AREA OF LAGOS, NIGERIA.

Author/s Babatunde, A. I Bamgbola, E. P. and Oyelola, O. T
Source International Journal of Research In Medical and Health Sciences pp 01 -08 Vol 04. No. 1– 2014
Abstract

The discharge of effluents from pharmaceutical industries into the environment could easily lead to contamination of surface and groundwater with diverse drug active ingredients, the long effect of which may be detrimental to the health of those that use the water. Little attention has been given to such pollution studies in Nigeria. In the present study, the effect of effluents from two pharmaceutical industries designated as PC1 and PC2 on the ground water around Ikeja Industrial estate in Lagos was investigated. Drug active ingredients were determined using High Performance Liquid Chromatograghy (HPLC) and .. …

Keywords Ikeja Industrial Estate, Groundwater, Environmental pollution, Liquid Chromatography, pharmaceutical effluents.
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1_environmental_pollution.pdf

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Title

ASSESSMENT OF EXPOSURE LEVELS OF DRINKING WATER CONTAMINANTS IN GROUNDWATER SOURCES IN HAMBANTOTA DISTRICT

Author/s H.S.A.D. Perera, H.B. Asanthi and P.M.C.S. De Silva
Source International Journal of Research In Medical and Health Sciences pp 09 – 17 Vol 04. No. 1– 2014
Abstract

This study was conducted to assess the exposure of drinking water contaminants (NO3-, PO4-3, F-, Hg and Mn) in groundwater at the selected areas of Tangalle, Beliatta, Angunukolapelassa and Balangoda (reference site). The water samples (n=6) were collected from groundwater sources where the owners were also kidney patients, during the dry period of September – October, 2013. Hg and Mn . …

Keywords risk assessment, hazard quotient, Fluoride, groundwater
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2_water_contaminants.pdf

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Title

EFFECT OF MAGNETIC WATER DRINKING ON SEXUAL DESIRE, SEMEN CHARACTERISTICS AND FREEZABILITY OF SEMEN FOR HOLSTEIN BULLS BORN IN IRAQ.

Author/s Al-Nueimi,S.H*. and AL-Badry ,K.I
Source International Journal of Research In Medical and Health Sciences pp 18 – 29 Vol 04. No. 1– 2014
Abstract

Total 116 ejaculates were collected from eight Holstein bulls born in Iraq were divided randomly in to two equal groups, first as control and second treated with magnetic water. Aims study to know this technique can use for development AI program in Iraq through the benefit of bulls through increase quality and quantity of bull semen during production age. Results revealed that significantly differences (p<0.05) in sexual desire for treatment bulls during March, April and May in compare with control group. Volume of semen, concentration of sperms/ml and individual motility percentage for fresh semen and number of straws for treated group during months (February, March, April and May) increases significantly (p<0.05) compare with control, but in the same months dead sperm . …

Keywords Magnetic water, semen characteristics, Holstein bull.
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3_veterinary_medicine.pdf

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