IJSK VOLUME 1

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Volume 1                    Issue 5, 4, 3, 2, 1                      ISSN 2305-1493

ISSUE 5

Title

An investigation of the Issues and Solutions to Cyberspace Identity
Theft and Crimes

Author

Amos Olagunju, Solomon Demmessie

Source International Journal of Scientific Knowledge Volume 1 Issue 5 (2013) Pg. 01-12
Abstract

This research investigated the problems and solutions to cyberspace identity theft. Collections of literature were reviewed to identify the issues and solutions to cyberspace identity theft. A survey was administered to a focus group of students who participated in an advanced summer scientific project, to ascertain the awareness of cyberspace identity theft by high school students.

Keywords cyberspace identity theft, cyberspace crimes
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ijsk_olagunju_solomon_1.pdf

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Title

The Effect of Variety and Drying On the Engineering
Properties of Fermented Ground Cassava

Author

Chukwuneke J.L, Achebe C.H, Okolie P.C, Okafor E.A

Source International Journal of Scientific Knowledge Volume 1 Issue 5 (2013) Pg. 13-27
Abstract

Many food processing industries use cassava as their basic raw material. The existence of improved varieties of cassava demands that the effect of variety on the engineering properties of fermented ground cassava is studied in order to generate data for design and optimum performance of various driers used in cassava processing. This paper attempts to provide data on the engineering properties such as moisture content, specific heat capacity, thermal conductivity, thermal diffusivity, bulk density and mass transfer coefficient of some cultivars as well as determine the effect of variety on the drying and engineering properties of fermented ground cassava using two high yield improved cultivars (Tms 30572 and NR 8082) and one native cultivar (Akpu Bonny)….

Keywords Fermented ground cassava, Specific heat capacity, Thermal conductivity, Thermal diffusivity, Bulk density, Effect of variety, Cultivars, Drying rate, Moisture Content, proximate compositions
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cassava_journal.pdf

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Title

An investigation of the Issues and Solutions to Cyberspace
Bullying

Author

Amos Olagunju, Mickie Sarclay

Source International Journal of Scientific Knowledge Volume 1 Issue 5 (2013) Pg. 028-036
Abstract

This research investigated the problems and solutions to cyberspace bullying. A set of literature was reviewed to identify the issues and solutions to cyberspace bullying. A survey was administered to students who participated in the 2012 summer Scientific Discovery Program and the Advanced Program in Technology and Science at St Cloud State University, to learn about the awareness of cyberspace bullying by high school students. This study was conducted to discover the different categories of cyber bullying conflicts, and how each can be solved, and a number of the opinions of students on it.

Keywords cyberspace bullying
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ijsk_olagunju_mickie.pdf

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ISSUE 4

Title

STUDY OF PHOTON MAPPING TECHNIQUES FOR GLOBAL ILLUMINATION

Author

Alireza Rasti,Davood Rasti,Ali Kouhzadi,Ng Kok Why

Source International Journal of Scientific Knowledge Volume 1 Issue 4 (2012) Pg. 001-010
Abstract

Photon mapping is a biased global illumination algorithm that simulates all direct and indirect light effects on an object. In this paper, we will investigate a few complex photon mapping algorithms and discuss their strengths and limitations. We have implemented the original Photon Mapping and Progressive Photon Mapping on central processing unit (CPU) and graphics processing unit (GPU) for a reasonable comparison. This aims to provide an exhaustive study for the users to choose the most appropriate technique to compromise one’s need. We have also indicated which method is more efficient to exploit GPU on the most recent graphics hardware commodity.

Keywords Photorealistic Rendering, Photon Mapping, Physically-based Rendering, Global Illumination.
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a_study_of_photon_mapping_techniques_for_global_illumination_ijsk.pdf

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Title

DESIGNED WITH THE NEW GENERATION CURRENT CONVEYOR CIRCUIT
IMPLEMENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF ECG

Author

Sükrü KITIS, Hasbi APAYDIN

Source International Journal of Scientific Knowledge Volume 1 Issue 4 (2012) Pg. 011-015
Abstract

Today, circuits with opamp are commonly used in biomedical devices and especially ECG devices. In this study, instead of using opamp circuits, used the last 10-15 years and there have been very popular with current carriers use in biomedical devices can be more appropriate and advantageous shown. Therefore right leg drive that one of ECG devices and band-pass filter designed with ORCAD PSPICE program. In addition, instead of these circuits can be used as an alternative to the CCII structure and band-pass filter circuits are shown in the right leg drive.

Keywords ECG, new generation current conveyor circuit, ICCII, instrumentation amplifier, band pass filter
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designed_with_the_new_generation_current_conveyor_circuit_.pdf

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Title

How Can Cloud Computing Bridge the Digital Divide in Srilankan
Education?

Author

K.P.N jayasena

Source International Journal of Scientific Knowledge Volume 1 Issue 4 (2012) Pg. 016-024
Abstract

Cloud computing technology is seen by many as the next wave of Information technology for companies, education sectors and governments. In the current financial crisis and being challenged by growing needs, Education institutes ,schools are facing problems in providing necessary information technology (IT) support for educational and research activities. The aim of this research project is to find alternatives to the use of Information technology. Cloud computing can present an easy and inexpensive access to state-of-the-art IT technology, software and applications. The internet-based shared computing system, which is the newest buzzword in the global IT industry, can approach to bridge the digital divide in the education sector. The main purpose of this research is to briefly examine which cloud computing technology services currently employed by education systems in developed countries can be used to help violate the digital divide that currently presents in the education sector in Srilanka. This paper illustrates the reasons for the rise of cloud computing in education, its developing definition and models, examples of cloud computing in higher education sector in world today and its potential in the future.

Keywords Cloud computing, education system, developed countires
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cloud_computing_bridge_the_digital_divide_.pdf

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Title

ANALYZING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE INTEGRATION CORE OF DHAKA-ARICHA HIGHWAY
AND EXISTING LAND USE CATEGORIES AT SAVAR, DHAKA, BANGLADESH THROUGH SPACE SYNTAX ANALYSIS

Author

Saiful Hasan Tariq, Mahbuba Afroz Jinia

Source International Journal of Scientific Knowledge Volume 1 Issue 4 (2012) Pg. 025-032
Abstract

With the accumulation of variety of activities in a city, the issue of land use gets significance in terms of efficient use of the spaces and activity. Along with this issue, another unavoidable issue for proper urban development is integration or street network. In any area, land use generates whenever movement initiates and the integration is given. But different type of agglomeration generates different types of movement, for which an area has different types of land use and zoning. The basic relation of spatial configuration – an output of street network, and land use generation helps to understand a developing area and guide its land use planning. Dhaka-Aricha Highway is one of the national highways which connect several districts with Dhaka. This highway ran through several unions in Savar upazila. Along its way, different types of land use development took place through the course of time. This study intends to find whether there is any significant relationship between the integration core of existing Dhaka-Aricha highway and the land use categories in the context of Savar Upazila.

Keywords Global Integration, Land Use, axial map, Savar upazila
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space_syntax_analysis.pdf

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ISSUE 3

Title

COMPUTER-AIDED DIAGNOSIS FOR MICROCALCIFICATIONS
ANALYSIS IN BREAST MAMMOGRAMS

Author

Dr.Abbas Hanon AL-Asadi, Ahmed Kazim Hamed Al-Saadi

Source International Journal of Scientific Knowledge Volume 1 Issue 3 (2012) Pg. 001-008
Abstract

Breast cancer is the main cause of death for women above age 40. In this paper a method is proposed to develop a Computer-Aided Diagnosis (CADx), this method provide a second opinion in micro-calcifications diagnostic and making decisions (classify micro-calcifications as benign or malignant). The proposed method for micro-calcifications diagnosis splits into three steps: The first step extracts the region of interest (ROI). The second step is the features extraction, where we used a set of features from (ROI) by applying wavelet decomposition. The third step is the classification process where discrimination between benign and malignant is performed using a Nearest Neighbor Classifier. The proposed method was evaluat-ed using the Mammographic Image Analysis Society (MIAS) mammographic databases. The proposed method has achieved satisfactory results.

Keywords Breast Cancer, computer aided diagnosis, Micro-calcifications, Mammography, Wavelet Transform
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computer_-aided_diagnosis_for_microcalcifications_analysis_in_breast_mammograms.pdf

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Title

TO PREVENT SPEED VIOLATIONS AND TO PROVIDE TRAFFIC
SAFETY WITH MICROPROCESSOR-BASED AUTOMATIC VEHICLE
SPEED CONTROL SYSTEM

Author

Hasbi APAYDIN, Sükrü KITIS

Source International Journal of Scientific Knowledge Volume 1 Issue 3 (2012) Pg. 009-015
Abstract

The last two decades, according to the rate of increase in the number of vehicle traffic accident rates and accident death rates have declined as a relative. This is due to the relative decline in both the legal regulations, as well as over the years due to developments in traffic control and vehicle security systems. Causing traffic accidents occurred in Turkey in the last decade the investigation of defect rates, accidents caused by driver errors, the values of the total accident rate has reached 95%. These rates are among the speed of the driver failures, as the direct and indirect impact of accidents is estimated to be approximately 30%. For the continuity of traffic and driving safety, the speed defects required to be controlled by various reduction and control methods. Microprocessor-based tools developed for this study, the RF (radio frequency) receiver-transmitter through an electronic system without driver intervention, according to the state highway speed limit is set, and the tool by the perceived value of the vehicle without exceeding the set speed, vehicle speed of the road, weather and traffic conditions in accordance with the requirements automatic adjustment is provided. Thus, it is aimed to reduce the driver speed defects and to reduce the accidents caused by the speed defects.

Keywords Traffic safety, over speeding, Automatic speed limiter, Active safety systems
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to_prevent_speed_violations_and_to_provide_traffic_safety_with_microprocessor-based_automatic_vehicle_speed_control_system.pdf

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Title

EQUIVALENCE OF ONE-STEP, TWO-STEP AND THREESTEP
ITERATIVE SCHEMES FOR ZAMFIRESCU

Author

Md.Asaduzzaman, Md.Zulfikar Ali, Md.Hafiz Uddin

Source International Journal of Scientific Knowledge Volume 1 Issue 3 (2012) Pg. 016-025
Abstract

In this paper, we have shown that the convergence of one-step, two-step and three-step iterative schemes which are known as Mann, Ishikawa and Noor iterative schemes respectively is equivalent, for a special type of operator named Zamfirescu operator defined in a closed, convex subset of a Banach space. In [17] Murat Ozdemir and Sezgin Akbulut studied the equivalence of these three iterative schemes for the class of Lipschitzian operators, whereas we have studied for Zamfirescu operator. Our main results extend the results of Murat Ozdemir and Sezgin Akbulut [17] and the results of Rhoades and Soltuz [1-2].

Keywords Fixed point, Banach space, Mann, Ishikawa and Noor iterative schemes, Zamfirescu operator, T -stability
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equivalence_of_one-step_two-step_and_three-step_iterative_schemes_for_zamfirescu_operator.pdf

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Title

MANAGING NETWORK COMPONENTS USING SNMP

Author

Abubucker Samsudeen Shaffi, Mohanned Al-Obaidy

Source International Journal of Scientific Knowledge Volume 1 Issue 3 (2012) Pg. 026-033
Abstract

This paper is to be given an overview for the implementation of a Network Monitoring System to monitor the network resources using SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol). It consists of manager, agent and managed services. The manager responsibility is to monitor the agents. The agents are software that manage all the network devices and send the details report about the managed objects to the manager. The agent should manage each network device based on the feedback received from the manager. It is an integrated part of the network infrastructure enables the local administrator to perform real-time monitoring on a big network. It helps the administrator to keep up his job more challenges. There are many problems are faced by the network administrator during the manual monitoring of the whole network such as concerned with the performance, analyses and controls of various components of the network. It is very difficult to identify the problems by the administrator. This paper describes the process of SNMP and implementation in network.

Keywords SNMP, NMS, MIB
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managing_network_components_using_snmp.pdf

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Title

METHOD OF ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORKS WITH PARAMETER
ESTIMATING WIND SPEEDS BETWEEN CITIES IN TURKEY

Author

Numan S. Çetin, Cem Emeksiz

Source International Journal of Scientific Knowledge Volume 1 Issue 3 (2012) Pg. 034-036
Abstract

Artificial neural networks, for solving problems which cannot be expressed as a complex and complete offers an alternative way. Neural networks learn from examples, errors and incomplete of noisy data that are tolerated and can be used for solving nonlinear problems. In this study, using the data of wind speeds received by the General Directorate of State Meteorology Affairs, wind speed forecasting for 4 cities (Tokat, Amasya, Corum, Yozgat) was performed. By using the learning algorithms (Back Propagation and Levenberg-Marquardt) were performed for training. The data used for training in the year 2000 until 2005. Between cities wind speed forecasting was performed in 2005.

Keywords Artificial Neural Networks, Renewable Energy, Estimating Wind Speed
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method_of_artificial_neural_networks_with_parameter_estimating_wind_speeds_between_cities_in_turkey.pdf

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    ISSUE 2

Title

Recognizing Handwriting Indian Numbers using
Neural Network (ICH)

Author

Khalaf khatatneh, Ala Shamasneh, Asharf Odeh, Basem alrifai

Source International Journal of Scientific Knowledge Volume 1 Issue 2 (2012) Pg. 001-006
Abstract

This paper is concerned with proposing technique for recognition a handwritten Indian numbers by using artificial neural network technique. This technique scanned images that contain the numbers then These images are then passed through many preprocessing operations such as segmentation, binarization, normalization, and location, developed to prepare the image for the system that designed for recognition. This technique is based on multi-layer feed forward back propagation neural network. We conduct experiments using two different sets of different sizes of training sets. The generalization ratio of recognition of digits for testing set was 84.03 by using 1500 samples and 92.31 for testing set by using 2500 samples. As we increase the size of the training set we improve the results of recognition digits using neural network. The goal was achieved by designing a neural network that can recognize digits with an average generalization ratio of recognizing 92.31 for digit that the neural never been trained on.

Keywords Pattern Recognition, Primitives extraction, Artificial Neural Networks, Preprocessing operations, Multilayer feed forward networks, Back propagation Algorithms, Indian numbers.
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recognizing_handwriting_indian_numbers_using_neural_network.pdf

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Title

A Fast Personal Palm print Authentication based on 3D-Multi
Wavelet Transformation (ICH)

Author

A. H. M. Al-Helali, W. A. Mahmmoud, H. A. Ali

Source International Journal of Scientific Knowledge Volume 1 Issue 2 (2012) Pg. 007-014
Abstract

In recent years several palmprint representations have been proposed for personal authentication, but there is no agreement on which palmprint representation can provide best representation for reliable authentication. The development of accurate and robust palmprint authentication is a great important issue in a lot of criminal detection and commercial applications. In this paper, a novel and fast palmprint authentication technique is proposed using 3-D discrete multiwavelet Transform as feature extractor and a probabilistic artificial neural network (PNN) as a classifier. This proposed technique considers the palmprint image as a piece of texture and applies 3-D multiwavelet filters to extract texture information and the texture information of the palmprint images are compared in terms of their vector distance. The system was implemented and tested using a dataset of 240 samples of palmprint data with different contrast quality, size and rotation. The experimental results illustrate that the proposed method achieved a higher genuine acceptance rate and a lower false acceptance rate simultaneously.

Keywords Biometrics; palmprint; authentication; classifiers; Neural Network; 3D-Multiwavelet
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a_fast_palmprint-final.pdf

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Title

Three Quantifiers of Chaos on a Two-dimensional Nonlinear Model
(ICH)

Author

Nabajyoti Das, Tarini Kumar Dutta

Source International Journal of Scientific Knowledge Volume 1 Issue 2 (2012) Pg. 015-024
Abstract

In this paper we highlight three important quantifiers of chaos: box-counting dimension, information dimension and correlation dimension to focus the geometric aspects of the attractor in the two-dimensional nonlinear chaotic discrete model: 2 2 ? pq ? ( f , g) :? ?? defined by ( , ) , ( , ) , 2 f x y ? p ? sy ? x g x y ? x where p and s are adjustable parameters. Our system undergoes a period-doubling bifurcation route to chaos and consequently finding the accumulation point we obtain some illuminating results.

Keywords Quantifier of chaos, Box-counting dimension, Information dimension, Correlation dimension, Period-doubling bifurcation
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tkd_publishing_fractal_dim_2d.pdf

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Title

A Bayesian Computation for The Prediction Of Football
Match Results Using Artificial Neural Network (ICH)

Author

Mehmet Ali Cengiz, Naci Murat, Haydar Koç, Talat Senel

Source International Journal of Scientific Knowledge Volume 1 Issue 2 (2012) Pg. 025-031
Abstract

The problem of modelling football data has become increasingly popular in the last few years and many different models have been proposed with the aim of estimating the characteristics that bring a team to lose or win a game, or to predict the score of a particular match. We propose a Bayesian model to test its predictive strength on data for the Turkish Super League 2008-2009. We compare the predictive performance of Bayesian approach with a Poisson Loglinear approach and Artificial Neural Network approaches.

Keywords
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a_bayesian_computation__for_the_prediction_of_football_match_results_in_turkish_super_league.pdf

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Title

Application of Agent-Based Modeling in the Policy Assessment of
Cost of Corporate Subsidies

Author

Michael E. Long, Thomas D. Hopkins, David L. Farnsworth

Source International Journal of Scientific Knowledge Volume 1 Issue 2 (2012) Pg. 032-041
Abstract

The US government’s auto industry bailout was just one of many costly programs that target subsidies to particular firms. The merit of such programs is contentious, and more fundamentally, so too is the choice of a basis for their assessment. This short paper applies an agent-based modeling approach to such policy assessment. The result is an intriguingly suggestive perspective on subsidy programs, calling into question both their efficiency and fairness. Our hypothesis is that government subsidies affect and downgrade the entire economy, and subsidized companies that undergo bankruptcy have a higher probability of its recurrence than those that have not already gone bankrupt.

Keywords Government Subsidies, Bailout, Agent-Based Modeling
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application_of_agent_base_model_in_the_policy_assessment_of_auto-industry.pdf

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ISSUE 1

Title

Recurrent Pseudo Relevance Feedback on Web Collections

Author

Fadi Yamout

Source International Journal of Scientific Knowledge Volume 1 Issue 1 (2012) pg.001 – 006
Abstract

Various Relevance Feedback techniques exist in Information Retrieval such as Simulated Relevance Feedback and Pseudo Relevance Feedback. In a Simulated Relevance Feedback technique a new query is reformulated based on the documents selected by the user from the top-ranked documents whereas in a Pseudo Relevance Feedback, the query is reformulated based on the assumption that N top-ranked documents are relevant. A new Relevance Feedback technique has been developed in this paper which provides better retrieval effectiveness than Pseudo Relevance Feedback at high precision levels at low recall levels. The new technique, called Recurrent Pseudo Relevance Feedback (RPRF), goes into a repetitive process by considering the top-ranked documents that were initially retrieved from Pseudo Relevance Feedback to be the new top-ranked documents. RPRF shows greater retrieval effectiveness in the Probabilistic model using the DB2 model in the context of the Divergence from Randomness (DFR) framework. However, it is also shown that retrieval effectiveness increases as the value of N decreases on the second feedback process. The effectiveness of the results is assessed based on the measurement of recall and precision ratios using the Interpolated Mean Average Precision (MAP) and was tested on the Text Retrieval Conference (TREC) Web collections of 10 and 18 Gigabytes WT10G and GOV.

Keywords Relevance Feedback, Probabilistic Model, Deviation from Randomness
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reccurent_pseudo_relevance_feedback_on_web_collections.pdf

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